Eph. 2:1 KJV (With Strong’s)

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1
And
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
you
humas (Greek #5209)
you (as the objective of a verb or preposition)
KJV usage: ye, you (+ -ward), your (+ own).
Pronounce: hoo-mas'
Origin: accusative case of 5210
r hath he quickened, who were
on (Greek #5607)
and the neuter ὄν (on) present participle of 1510; being
KJV usage: be, come, have.
Pronounce: oan
Origin: οὖσα (oo'-sah)
dead
nekros (Greek #3498)
dead (literally or figuratively; also as noun)
KJV usage: dead.
Pronounce: nek-ros'
Origin: from an apparently primary νέκυς (a corpse)
in trespasses
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
paraptoma (Greek #3900)
a side-slip (lapse or deviation), i.e. (unintentional) error or (wilful) transgression
KJV usage: fall, fault, offence, sin, trespass.
Pronounce: par-ap'-to-mah
Origin: from 3895
and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
sins
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
hamartia (Greek #266)
a sin (properly abstract)
KJV usage: offence, sin(-ful).
Pronounce: ham-ar-tee'-ah
Origin: from 264
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More on:

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Sin

Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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1-9:  By comparing what we were by nature, with what we are by grace,
10-22:  he declares that we are made for good works:
and being brought near by Christ, should not live as Gentiles and foreigners, as in time past, but as citizens with the saints, and the family of God.
you.
Eph. 2:5‑6• 5(we too being dead in offences,) has quickened us with the Christ, (ye are saved by grace,)
6and has raised us up together, and has made us sit down together in the heavenlies in Christ Jesus,
(Eph. 2:5‑6)
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Eph. 1:19‑20• 19and what the surpassing greatness of his power towards us who believe, according to the working of the might of his strength,
20in which he wrought in the Christ in raising him from among the dead, and he set him down at his right hand in the heavenlies,
(Eph. 1:19‑20)
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John 5:25• 25Verily, verily, I say unto you, that an hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God, and they that have heard shall live. (John 5:25)
;
John 10:10• 10The thief comes not but that he may steal, and kill, and destroy: I am come that they might have life, and might have it abundantly. (John 10:10)
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John 11:25‑26• 25Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection and the life: he that believes on me, though he have died, shall live;
26and every one who lives and believes on me shall never die. Believest thou this?
(John 11:25‑26)
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John 14:6• 6Jesus says to him, I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father unless by me. (John 14:6)
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Rom. 8:2• 2For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has set me free from the law of sin and of death. (Rom. 8:2)
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1 Cor. 15:45• 45Thus also it is written, The first man Adam became a living soul; the last Adam a quickening spirit. (1 Cor. 15:45)
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Col. 2:13• 13And you, being dead in offences and in the uncircumcision of your flesh, he has quickened together with him, having forgiven us all the offences; (Col. 2:13)
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Col. 3:1‑4• 1If therefore ye have been raised with the Christ, seek the things which are above, where the Christ is, sitting at the right hand of God:
2have your mind on the things that are above, not on the things that are on the earth;
3for ye have died, and your life is hid with the Christ in God.
4When the Christ is manifested who is our life, then shall *ye* also be manifested with him in glory.
(Col. 3:1‑4)
dead.
Eph. 2:5• 5(we too being dead in offences,) has quickened us with the Christ, (ye are saved by grace,) (Eph. 2:5)
;
Eph. 4:18• 18being darkened in understanding, estranged from the life of God by reason of the ignorance which is in them, by reason of the hardness of their hearts, (Eph. 4:18)
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Eph. 5:14• 14Wherefore he says, Wake up, thou that sleepest, and arise up from among the dead, and the Christ shall shine upon thee. (Eph. 5:14)
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Matt. 8:22• 22But Jesus said to him, Follow me, and leave the dead to bury their own dead. (Matt. 8:22)
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Luke 15:24,32• 24for this my son was dead and has come to life, was lost and has been found. And they began to make merry.
32But it was right to make merry and rejoice, because this thy brother was dead and has come to life again, and was lost and has been found.
(Luke 15:24,32)
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John 5:21• 21For even as the Father raises the dead and quickens them, thus the Son also quickens whom he will: (John 5:21)
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2 Cor. 5:14• 14For the love of the Christ constrains us, having judged this: that one died for all, then all have died; (2 Cor. 5:14)
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1 Tim. 5:6• 6But she that lives in habits of self-indulgence is dead while living. (1 Tim. 5:6)
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1 John 3:14• 14*We* know that we have passed from death to life, because we love the brethren. He who does not love his brother abides in death. (1 John 3:14)
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Rev. 3:1• 1And to the angel of the assembly in Sardis write: These things saith he that has the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars: I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead. (Rev. 3:1)
 In chapter 2 the operation of the power of God on earth, for the purpose of bringing souls into the enjoyment of their heavenly privileges, and thus of forming the assembly here below, is presented, rather than the unfolding of the privileges themselves, and consequently that of the counsels of God. It is not even these counsels; it is the grace and the power which work for their fulfillment. (Ephesians 2 by J.N. Darby)
 In the Ephesians, the Spirit does not describe the life of the old man in sin. God and His own work are everything. (Ephesians 2 by J.N. Darby)

J. N. Darby Translation

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and *you*, being dead in your offences and sins—

W. Kelly Translation

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And you, being dead in your offences and your sins1,

WK Translation Notes

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1
in: [Is there sufficient ground for the assertion that, in these passages, the dative case is mistranslated, that being often used (as every Greek scholar knows), for the instrument or means whereby a thing is done or comes to pass? Should it not be (Eph. 2:1) "by trespasses and sins" (or in consequence of "having no life" in us)? There seems some incongruity in speaking of walking in the sins wherein they were dead. Moreover it is worthy of note, that the same apostle speaking of spiritual corruption (Colossians 3:5,7), says, "in the which ye also walked sometime when ye lived in them;" and it is difficult to suppose, that he used life in sin, and death in sin, to express precisely the same thing. Turning to Romans 6:2, should it not be, "dead by sin?" If sin is such a dreadful thing as to have exposed us all to the punishment of death from which Christ’s death alone frees us how can we think of continuing in it any longer? In chapter 5:12, we have "death by sin;" and in verse 17, "By one man’s offense." Why then in Romans 6:2 is "to" to be employed in rendering the same dative case? The apostle has shown what we have incurred by sin, and then immediately he is made to say, "How shall we who are dead to sin?" which has no force in connection with his previous reasoning. In regard to Romans 6:10-11, how can Christ be said to be dead unto sin? but if it should be "dead by sin" by reason of man’s sin, the sense is plain, "in that he liveth, he liveth by God," "by the power of God." (2 Cor. 13:4)....
The value of these queries may not at first be very obvious; but these passages have an importance in a controversy not needful to mention here; and we cannot be too anxious to endeavor to ascertain the correct text of the word of God. T. D.]
As regards Romans 6, the wished-for translation is the result of a misconception of the whole passage. It makes it a motive drawn from a previous evil result and no more; whereas it is perfectly certain that the passage contemplates our dying in becoming Christians, not by our sins. Those who have been baptized unto Christ have been baptized unto His death. We have been made one plant with Him in the likeness of His death; and this in order that we might walk in newness of life. Hence it is perfectly certain that the doctrine of the chapter is dying out of our old man, and living in newness of life not our dying by our sins so as to be afraid of living in it now. And such is the whole tenor of the chapter; "our old man had been crucified with him;" and the use too of the dative at the close....
2 Corinthians 13:4 is ἐκ δυνάμεως. I suppose he only quotes this for the sense. Living in sin, and being dead in it, is not the same thing. One is the continuity of the old man in sin, the other is his state in respect of God; but both are true. Alienated from the life of God. A reference to Colossians shows, in the analogous passage, νεκροῦς... ἐν τοῖς παραπτώμασι καὶ τῆ ἀκροβυστάίᾳ. Now ἐν can be used as an instrument or power too. But I think no intelligent Christian could doubt what it means here; and I do not see how it is possible with ἀκροβυστίᾳ to take it in any other sense than ’in.’ Besides, νεκρούς would not be the word. It signifies properly ’corpse.’ It is not dying as a punishment for them, but a state in which they were. Then God creates again. They are viewed not as dying by or for their sins. It is not ἀπεθάνετε, but being νεκρούς He has quickened. The first work in the corpse is quickening with Christ, God’s act. In Romans and Colossians, being alive in sin, ye have died (ἀπεθάνετε) in Christ. In Ephesians, being νεκροί., we have been quickened with Him. It is a new creation. It does not seem to me there can be the smallest doubt of what is the right translation. (Bible Treasury 6:144)