Eph. 2:2 KJV (With Strong’s)

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2
Wherein
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
t in
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
time past
pote (Greek #4218)
indefinite adverb, at some time, ever
KJV usage: afore-(any, some-)time(-s), at length (the last), (+ n- )ever, in the old time, in time past, once, when.
Pronounce: pot-eh'
Origin: from the base of 4225 and 5037
ye walked
peripateo (Greek #4043)
to tread all around, i.e. walk at large (especially as proof of ability); figuratively, to live, deport oneself, follow (as a companion or votary)
KJV usage: go, be occupied with, walk (about).
Pronounce: per-ee-pat-eh'-o
Origin: from 4012 and 3961
according to
kata (Greek #2596)
(prepositionally) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined)
KJV usage: about, according as (to), after, against, (when they were) X alone, among, and, X apart, (even, like) as (concerning, pertaining to touching), X aside, at, before, beyond, by, to the charge of, (charita-)bly, concerning, + covered, (dai-)ly, down, every, (+ far more) exceeding, X more excellent, for, from ... to, godly, in(-asmuch, divers, every, -to, respect of), ... by, after the manner of, + by any means, beyond (out of) measure, X mightily, more, X natural, of (up-)on (X part), out (of every), over against, (+ your) X own, + particularly, so, through(-oughout, -oughout every), thus, (un-)to(-gether, -ward), X uttermost, where(-by), with. In composition it retains many of these applications, and frequently denotes opposition, distribution, or intensity.
Pronounce: kat-ah'
Origin: a primary particle
the course
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
aion (Greek #165)
properly, an age; by extension, perpetuity (also past); by implication, the world; specially (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future)
KJV usage: age, course, eternal, (for) ever(-more), (n-)ever, (beginning of the , while the) world (began, without end). Compare 5550.
Pronounce: ahee-ohn'
Origin: from the same as 104
of this
toutou (Greek #5127)
of (from or concerning) this (person or thing)
KJV usage: here(-by), him, it, + such manner of, that, thence(-forth), thereabout, this, thus.
Pronounce: too'-too
Origin: genitive case singular masculine or neuter of 3778
world
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
kosmos (Greek #2889)
orderly arrangement, i.e. decoration; by implication, the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively (morally))
KJV usage: adorning, world.
Pronounce: kos'-mos
Origin: probably from the base of 2865
, according to
kata (Greek #2596)
(prepositionally) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined)
KJV usage: about, according as (to), after, against, (when they were) X alone, among, and, X apart, (even, like) as (concerning, pertaining to touching), X aside, at, before, beyond, by, to the charge of, (charita-)bly, concerning, + covered, (dai-)ly, down, every, (+ far more) exceeding, X more excellent, for, from ... to, godly, in(-asmuch, divers, every, -to, respect of), ... by, after the manner of, + by any means, beyond (out of) measure, X mightily, more, X natural, of (up-)on (X part), out (of every), over against, (+ your) X own, + particularly, so, through(-oughout, -oughout every), thus, (un-)to(-gether, -ward), X uttermost, where(-by), with. In composition it retains many of these applications, and frequently denotes opposition, distribution, or intensity.
Pronounce: kat-ah'
Origin: a primary particle
the prince
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
archon (Greek #758)
a first (in rank or power)
KJV usage: chief (ruler), magistrate, prince, ruler.
Pronounce: ar'-khone
Origin: present participle of 757
v of the power
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
exousia (Greek #1849)
privilege, i.e. (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely, magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence
KJV usage: authority, jurisdiction, liberty, power, right, strength.
Pronounce: ex-oo-see'-ah
Origin: from 1832 (in the sense of ability)
of the air
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
aer (Greek #109)
"air" (as naturally circumambient)
KJV usage: air. Compare 5594.
Pronounce: ah-ayr'
Origin: from ἄημι (to breathe unconsciously, i.e. respire; by analogy, to blow)
, the spirit
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
pneuma (Greek #4151)
a current of air, i.e. breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively, a spirit, i.e. (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, demon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy Spirit
KJV usage: ghost, life, spirit(-ual, -ually), mind. Compare 5590.
Pronounce: pnyoo'-mah
Origin: from 4154
that
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
now
nun (Greek #3568)
"now" (as adverb of date, a transition or emphasis); also as noun or adjective present or immediate
KJV usage: henceforth, + hereafter, of late, soon, present, this (time). See also 3569, 3570.
Pronounce: noon
Origin: a primary particle of present time
worketh
energeo (Greek #1754)
to be active, efficient
KJV usage: do, (be) effectual (fervent), be mighty in, shew forth self, work (effectually in).
Pronounce: en-erg-eh'-o
Origin: from 1756
in
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
the children
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
huios (Greek #5207)
a "son" (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship
KJV usage: child, foal, son.
Pronounce: hwee-os'
Origin: apparently a primary word
w of disobedience
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
apeitheia (Greek #543)
disbelief (obstinate and rebellious)
KJV usage: disobedience, unbelief.
Pronounce: ap-i'-thi-ah
Origin: from 545
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Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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in time.
Eph. 2:3• 3among whom *we* also all once had our conversation in the lusts of our flesh, doing what the flesh and the thoughts willed to do, and were children, by nature, of wrath, even as the rest: (Eph. 2:3)
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Eph. 4:22• 22namely your having put off according to the former conversation the old man which corrupts itself according to the deceitful lusts; (Eph. 4:22)
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Job 31:7• 7If my step have turned out of the way, and my heart followed mine eyes, and if any blot cleaveth to my hands; (Job 31:7)
;
Acts 19:35• 35And the townclerk, having quieted the crowd, said, Ephesians, what man is there then who does not know that the city of the Ephesians is temple-keeper of Artemis the great, and of the image which fell down from heaven? (Acts 19:35)
;
1 Cor. 6:11• 11And these things were some of you; but ye have been washed, but ye have been sanctified, but ye have been justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. (1 Cor. 6:11)
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Col. 1:21• 21And you, who once were alienated and enemies in mind by wicked works, yet now has it reconciled (Col. 1:21)
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Col. 3:7• 7In which *ye* also once walked when ye lived in these things. (Col. 3:7)
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1 Peter 4:3• 3For the time past is sufficient for us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, walking in lasciviousness, lusts, wine-drinking, revels, drinkings, and unhallowed idolatries. (1 Peter 4:3)
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1 John 5:19• 19We know that we are of God, and the whole world lies in the wicked one. (1 John 5:19)
walked according.
Psa. 17:14• 14From men who are thy hand, O Jehovah, from men of this age: their portion is in this life, and their belly thou fillest with thy hid treasure; they have their fill of sons, and leave the rest of their substance to their children. (Psa. 17:14)
;
Jer. 23:10• 10For the land is full of adulterers; for because of execration the land mourneth. The pastures of the wilderness are dried up; for their course is evil, and their force is not right. (Jer. 23:10)
;
Luke 16:8• 8And the lord praised the unrighteous steward because he had done prudently. For the sons of this world are, for their own generation, more prudent than the sons of light. (Luke 16:8)
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John 7:7• 7The world cannot hate you, but me it hates, because I bear witness concerning it that its works are evil. (John 7:7)
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John 8:23• 23And he said to them, Ye are from beneath; I am from above. Ye are of this world; I am not of this world. (John 8:23)
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John 15:19• 19If ye were of the world, the world would love its own; but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, on account of this the world hates you. (John 15:19)
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Rom. 12:2• 2And be not conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is the good and acceptable and perfect will of God. (Rom. 12:2)
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1 Cor. 5:10• 10not altogether with the fornicators of this world, or with the avaricious and rapacious, or idolaters, since then ye should go out of the world. (1 Cor. 5:10)
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Gal. 1:4• 4who gave himself for our sins, so that he should deliver us out of the present evil world, according to the will of our God and Father; (Gal. 1:4)
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2 Tim. 4:10• 10for Demas has forsaken me, having loved the present age, and is gone to Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia. (2 Tim. 4:10)
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James 1:7• 7for let not that man think that he shall receive anything from the Lord; (James 1:7)
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James 4:4• 4Adulteresses, know ye not that friendship with the world is enmity with God? Whoever therefore is minded to be the friend of the world is constituted enemy of God. (James 4:4)
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1 John 2:15‑17• 15Love not the world, nor the things in the world. If any one love the world, the love of the Father is not in him;
16because all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.
17And the world is passing, and its lust, but he that does the will of God abides for eternity.
(1 John 2:15‑17)
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1 John 5:4• 4For all that has been begotten of God gets the victory over the world; and this is the victory which has gotten the victory over the world, our faith. (1 John 5:4)
the prince.
Eph. 6:12• 12because our struggle is not against blood and flesh, but against principalities, against authorities, against the universal lords of this darkness, against spiritual power of wickedness in the heavenlies. (Eph. 6:12)
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John 8:44• 44Ye are of the devil, as your father, and ye desire to do the lusts of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and has not stood in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks falsehood, he speaks of what is his own; for he is a liar and its father: (John 8:44)
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John 12:31• 31Now is the judgment of this world; now shall the prince of this world be cast out: (John 12:31)
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John 14:30• 30I will no longer speak much with you, for the ruler of the world comes, and in me he has nothing; (John 14:30)
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John 16:11• 11of judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged. (John 16:11)
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1 John 5:19• 19We know that we are of God, and the whole world lies in the wicked one. (1 John 5:19)
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Rev. 12:9• 9And the great dragon was cast out, the ancient serpent, he who is called Devil and Satan, he who deceives the whole habitable world, he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. (Rev. 12:9)
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Rev. 13:8,14• 8and all that dwell on the earth shall do it homage, every one whose name had not been written from the founding of the world in the book of life of the slain Lamb.
14And it deceives those that dwell upon the earth by reason of the signs which it was given to it to work before the beast, saying to those that dwell upon the earth to make an image to the beast, which has the wound of the sword, and lived.
(Rev. 13:8,14)
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Rev. 20:2• 2And he laid hold of the dragon, the ancient serpent who is the devil and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, (Rev. 20:2)
of the air.
the spirit.
Matt. 12:43‑45• 43But when the unclean spirit has gone out of the man, he goes through dry places, seeking rest, and does not find it.
44Then he says, I will return to my house whence I came out; and having come, he finds it unoccupied, swept, and adorned.
45Then he goes and takes with himself seven other spirits worse than himself, and entering in, they dwell there; and the last condition of that man becomes worse than the first. Thus shall it be to this wicked generation also.
(Matt. 12:43‑45)
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Luke 11:21‑26• 21When the strong man armed keeps his own house, his goods are in peace;
22but when the stronger than he coming upon him overcomes him, he takes away his panoply in which he trusted, and he will divide the spoil he has taken from him.
23He that is not with me is against me, and he that gathers not with me scatters.
24When the unclean spirit has gone out of the man, he goes through dry places seeking rest; and not finding any he says, I will return to my house whence I came out.
25And having come, he finds it swept and adorned.
26Then he goes and takes seven other spirits worse than himself, and entering in, they dwell there; and the last condition of that man becomes worse than the first.
(Luke 11:21‑26)
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Luke 22:2‑3,31• 2and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people.
3And Satan entered into Judas, who was surnamed Iscariote, being of the number of the twelve.
31And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has demanded to have you, to sift you as wheat;
(Luke 22:2‑3,31)
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John 13:2,27• 2And during supper, the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas son of Simon, Iscariote, that he should deliver him up,
27And, after the morsel, then entered Satan into him. Jesus therefore says to him, What thou doest, do quickly.
(John 13:2,27)
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Acts 5:3• 3But Peter said, Ananias, why has Satan filled thy heart that thou shouldest lie to the Holy Spirit, and put aside for thyself a part of the price of the estate? (Acts 5:3)
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2 Cor. 4:4• 4in whom the god of this world has blinded the thoughts of the unbelieving, so that the radiancy of the glad tidings of the glory of the Christ, who is the image of God, should not shine forth for them. (2 Cor. 4:4)
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1 John 3:8• 8He that practises sin is of the devil; for from the beginning the devil sins. To this end the Son of God has been manifested, that he might undo the works of the devil. (1 John 3:8)
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1 John 4:4• 4*Ye* are of God, children, and have overcome them, because greater is he that is in you than he that is in the world. (1 John 4:4)
the children.
Eph. 2:3• 3among whom *we* also all once had our conversation in the lusts of our flesh, doing what the flesh and the thoughts willed to do, and were children, by nature, of wrath, even as the rest: (Eph. 2:3)
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Eph. 5:6• 6Let no one deceive you with vain words, for on account of these things the wrath of God comes upon the sons of disobedience. (Eph. 5:6)
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Isa. 30:1• 1Woe to the rebellious children, saith Jehovah, who take counsel, but not of me, and who make leagues, but not by my Spirit, that they may heap sin upon sin; (Isa. 30:1)
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Isa. 57:4• 4Against whom do ye sport yourselves? Against whom do ye make a wide mouth, and draw out the tongue? Are ye not children of transgression, a seed of falsehood, (Isa. 57:4)
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Hos. 10:9• 9From the days of Gibeah hast thou sinned, O Israel: there they stood: the battle in Gibeah against the children of iniquity did not overtake them. (Hos. 10:9)
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Matt. 11:19• 19The Son of man has come eating and drinking, and they say, Behold, a man that is eating and wine-drinking, a friend of tax-gatherers, and of sinners:--and wisdom has been justified by her children. (Matt. 11:19)
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Matt. 13:38• 38and the field is the world; and the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom, but the darnel are the sons of the evil one; (Matt. 13:38)
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Col. 3:6• 6On account of which things the wrath of God comes upon the sons of disobedience. (Col. 3:6)
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1 Peter 1:14• 14as children of obedience, not conformed to your former lusts in your ignorance; (1 Peter 1:14)
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1 Peter 1•  (1 Peter 1)
:*Gr:;
2 Peter 2:14• 14having eyes full of adultery, and that cease not from sin, alluring unestablished souls; having a heart practised in covetousness, children of curse; (2 Peter 2:14)
;
2 Peter 2•  (2 Peter 2)
:*Gr:;
1 John 3:10• 10In this are manifest the children of God and the children of the devil. Whoever does not practise righteousness is not of God, and he who does not love his brother. (1 John 3:10)
 The enemy is called "the prince of the power of the air" here only; and this is quite in accord with the general character of this Epistle, which is occupied with the heavenlies. In 1 Peter he is spoken of as "a roaring lion," and characteristically; for saints are there viewed as strangers and pilgrims passing through the wilderness, and it is in the wilderness we find the lion. (Meditations on Ephesians 2: Part 1)
 Does it not show how active in evil was this kind of death? These dead were at the same time walking according to the course of this world; which, indeed, was the proof of their moral death. (Remarks on Ephesians 2:1-3 by W. Kelly)
 The title, “Prince of the power of the air” was to set forth his all-permeating influence. As the air surrounds and penetrates everything, so does the devil the realm of nature. (Remarks on Ephesians 2:1-3 by W. Kelly)

J. N. Darby Translation

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2
in which ye once walked according to the age of this worldc, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedienced:

JND Translation Notes

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c
"Aion of this Kosmos." i.e. the course of this world; see Notes, 1 Cor. 1.20.
d
As ch. 5.6.

W. Kelly Translation

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2
in which ye once walked according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the sons of disobedience1;

WK Translation Notes

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1
age: [See note to Matt. 12:32]
authority: It is really "authority" rather than "power"; and "powers" would appear to be erroneous. (Bible Treasury 14:380)