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1 Peter 4

1 Peter 4:3 KJV (With Strong’s)

ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
gar (Greek #1063)
properly, assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles)
KJV usage: and, as, because (that), but, even, for, indeed, no doubt, seeing, then, therefore, verily, what, why, yet.
Pronounce: gar
Origin: a primary particle
the time
chronos (Greek #5550)
a space of time (in general, and thus properly distinguished from 2540, which designates a fixed or special occasion; and from 165, which denotes a particular period) or interval; by extension, an individual opportunity; by implication, delay
KJV usage: + years old, season, space, (X often-)time(-s), (a) while.
Pronounce: khron'-os
Origin: of uncertain derivation
v past
parerchomai (Greek #3928)
to come near or aside, i.e. to approach (arrive), go by (or away), (figuratively) perish or neglect, (causative) avert
KJV usage: come (forth), go, pass (away, by, over), past, transgress.
Pronounce: par-er'-khom-ahee
Origin: from 3844 and 2064
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
bios (Greek #979)
life, i.e. (literally) the present state of existence; by implication, the means of livelihood
KJV usage: good, life, living.
Pronounce: bee'-os
Origin: a primary word
our life
bios (Greek #979)
life, i.e. (literally) the present state of existence; by implication, the means of livelihood
KJV usage: good, life, living.
Pronounce: bee'-os
Origin: a primary word
may suffice
arketos (Greek #713)
KJV usage: enough, suffice (-ient).
Pronounce: ar-ket-os'
Origin: from 714
hemin (Greek #2254)
to (or for, with, by) us
KJV usage: our, (for) us, we.
Pronounce: hay-meen'
Origin: dative case plural of 1473
to have wrought
katergazomai (Greek #2716)
to work fully, i.e. accomplish; by implication, to finish, fashion
KJV usage: cause, to (deed), perform, work (out).
Pronounce: kat-er-gad'-zom-ahee
Origin: from 2596 and 2038
the will
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
thelema (Greek #2307)
a determination (properly, the thing), i.e. (actively) choice (specially, purpose, decree; abstractly, volition) or (passively) inclination
KJV usage: desire, pleasure, will.
Pronounce: thel'-ay-mah
Origin: from the prolonged form of 2309
of the Gentiles
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
ethnos (Greek #1484)
a race (as of the same habit), i.e. a tribe; specially, a foreign (non-Jewish) one (usually, by implication, pagan)
KJV usage: Gentile, heathen, nation, people.
Pronounce: eth'-nos
Origin: probably from 1486
, when we walked
poreuomai (Greek #4198)
middle voice from a derivative of the same as 3984; to traverse, i.e. travel (literally or figuratively; especially to remove (figuratively, die), live, etc.); --depart, go (away, forth, one's way, up), (make a, take a) journey, walk.
Pronounce: por-yoo'-om-ahee
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
aselgeia (Greek #766)
licentiousness (sometimes including other vices)
KJV usage: filthy, lasciviousness, wantonness.
Pronounce: as-elg'-i-a
Origin: from a compound of 1 (as a negative particle) and a presumed σελγής (of uncertain derivation, but apparently meaning continent)
, lusts
epithumia (Greek #1939)
a longing (especially for what is forbidden)
KJV usage: concupiscence, desire, lust (after).
Pronounce: ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah
Origin: from 1937
, excess of wine
oinophlugia (Greek #3632)
an overflow (or surplus) of wine, i.e. vinolency (drunkenness)
KJV usage: excess of wine.
Pronounce: oy-nof-loog-ee'-ah
Origin: from 3631 and a form of the base of 5397
, revellings
komos (Greek #2970)
a carousal (as if letting loose)
KJV usage: revelling, rioting.
Pronounce: ko'-mos
Origin: from 2749
, banquetings
potos (Greek #4224)
a drinking-bout or carousal
KJV usage: banqueting.
Pronounce: pot'-os
Origin: from the alternate of 4095
, and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
athemitos (Greek #111)
illegal; by implication, flagitious
KJV usage: abominable, unlawful thing.
Pronounce: ath-em'-ee-tos
Origin: from 1 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of θέμις (statute; from the base of 5087)
eidololatreia (Greek #1495)
image-worship (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: idolatry.
Pronounce: i-do-lol-at-ri'-ah
Origin: from 1497 and 2999

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Cross References


Ministry on This Verse

the time.
to have.
1 Peter 1:14• 14as children of obedience, not conformed to your former lusts in your ignorance; (1 Peter 1:14)
Deut. 12:30‑31• 30take heed to thyself that thou be not ensnared to follow after them, after that they are destroyed from before thee; and that thou inquire not after their gods, saying, How did these nations serve their gods? even so will I do likewise.
31Thou shalt not do so to Jehovah thy God; for every thing that is abomination to Jehovah, which he hateth, have they done unto their gods; for even their sons and their daughters have they burned in the fire to their gods.
(Deut. 12:30‑31)
Rom. 1:20‑32• 20--for from the world's creation the invisible things of him are perceived, being apprehended by the mind through the things that are made, both his eternal power and divinity,--so as to render them inexcusable.
21Because, knowing God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but fell into folly in their thoughts, and their heart without understanding was darkened:
22professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,
23and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into the likeness of an image of corruptible man and of birds and quadrupeds and reptiles.
24Wherefore God gave them up also in the lusts of their hearts to uncleanness, to dishonour their bodies between themselves:
25who changed the truth of God into falsehood, and honoured and served the creature more than him who had created it, who is blessed for ever. Amen.
26For this reason God gave them up to vile lusts; for both their females changed the natural use into that contrary to nature;
27and in like manner the males also, leaving the natural use of the female, were inflamed in their lust towards one another; males with males working shame, and receiving in themselves the recompense of their error which was fit.
28And according as they did not think good to have God in their knowledge, God gave them up to a reprobate mind to practise unseemly things;
29being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, covetousness, malice; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, evil dispositions; whisperers,
30back-biters, hateful to God, insolent, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
31void of understanding, faithless, without natural affection, unmerciful;
32who knowing the righteous judgment of God, that they who do such things are worthy of death, not only practise them, but have fellow delight in those who do them.
(Rom. 1:20‑32)
Eph. 2:2‑3• 2in which ye once walked according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience:
3among whom *we* also all once had our conversation in the lusts of our flesh, doing what the flesh and the thoughts willed to do, and were children, by nature, of wrath, even as the rest:
(Eph. 2:2‑3)
Eph. 4:17• 17This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye should no longer walk as the rest of the nations walk in the vanity of their mind, (Eph. 4:17)
1 Thess. 4:5• 5(not in passionate desire, even as the nations who know not God,) (1 Thess. 4:5)
Titus 3:3• 3For we were once ourselves also without intelligence, disobedient, wandering in error, serving various lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another. (Titus 3:3)
2 Sam. 13:28• 28And Absalom commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say to you, Smite Amnon; then slay him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant. (2 Sam. 13:28)
Prov. 23:29‑35• 29Who hath woe? Who hath sorrow? Who contentions? Who complaining? Who wounds without cause? Who redness of eyes?
30--They that tarry long at the wine; they that go to try mixed wine.
31Look not upon the wine when it is red, when it sparkleth in the cup, and goeth down smoothly:
32at the last it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder.
33Thine eyes shall behold strange women, and thy heart shall speak froward things;
34and thou shalt be as he that lieth down in the midst of the sea, and as he that lieth down upon the top of a mast:
35--"They have smitten me, and I am not sore; they have beaten me, and I knew it not. When shall I awake? I will seek it yet again."
(Prov. 23:29‑35)
Isa. 5:11• 11Woe unto them that, rising early in the morning, run after strong drink; that linger till twilight, till wine inflameth them! (Isa. 5:11)
Isa. 28:7• 7But these also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are they gone astray. The priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink; they are overpowered by wine, they are gone astray through strong drink; they have erred in vision, they have stumbled in judgment. (Isa. 28:7)
Eph. 5:18• 18And be not drunk with wine, in which is debauchery; but be filled with the Spirit, (Eph. 5:18)
 In the earlier part we wrought the will of the nations who never were put under the law of God. Now we are to carry out the will of God. (1 Peter 4 by F.B. Hole)
 The Apostle, while exhorting to consistency with that holy name, reminds the saints that their Gentile neighbors counted it strange that they did not run the same common race of impure and selfish indulgence, so generally linked with idolatrous customs. Instead of approving the change, they indulged injurious imputations, as the world still does in its form of Christendom. (1 Peter 4:1-6 by W. Kelly)

J. N. Darby Translation

For the time past is sufficient for us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, walking in lasciviousness, lusts, wine-drinking, revels, drinkings, and unhallowed idolatries.

W. Kelly Translation

For the past time [is] sufficient to have wrought out the will of the Gentiles, walking as ye had done in lasciviousness, lusts, wine-bibbings, revels, carousings, and unhallowed idolatries1;

WK Translation Notes

time ^: The more ancient MSS. omit τοῦ βίου, "of life," and have βούλημα not θέλμα as in ver. 2. (Epist. of Peter, p.213)