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Galatians 4

Gal. 4:8 KJV (With Strong’s)

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8
Howbeit
alla (Greek #235)
properly, other things, i.e. (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations)
KJV usage: and, but (even), howbeit, indeed, nay, nevertheless, no, notwithstanding, save, therefore, yea, yet.
Pronounce: al-lah'
Origin: neuter plural of 243
then
tote (Greek #5119)
the when, i.e. at the time that (of the past or future, also in consecution)
KJV usage: that time, then.
Pronounce: tot'-eh
Origin: from (the neuter of) 3588 and 3753
, *
men (Greek #3303)
properly, indicative of affirmation or concession (in fact); usually followed by a contrasted clause with 1161 (this one, the former, etc.)
KJV usage: even, indeed, so, some, truly, verily. Often compounded with other particles in an intensive or asseverative sense.
Pronounce: men
Origin: a primary particle
,*
eido (Greek #1492)
used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent 3700 and 3708; properly, to see (literally or figuratively); by implication, (in the perfect tense only) to know
KJV usage: be aware, behold, X can (+ not tell), consider, (have) know(-ledge), look (on), perceive, see, be sure, tell, understand, wish, wot. Compare 3700.
Pronounce: i'-do
Origin: a primary verb
when ye knew not
ou (Greek #3756)
the absolute negative (compare 3361) adverb; no or not
KJV usage: + long, nay, neither, never, no (X man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but. See also 3364, 3372.
Pronounce: oo
Origin: οὐκ (ook), and (before an aspirate) οὐχ (ookh) a primary word
God
theos (Greek #2316)
a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very
KJV usage: X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).
Pronounce: theh'-os
Origin: of uncertain affinity
, ye did service
douleuo (Greek #1398)
to be a slave to (literal or figurative, involuntary or voluntary)
KJV usage: be in bondage, (do) serve(-ice).
Pronounce: dool-yoo'-o
Origin: from 1401
unto them which
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
by nature
phusis (Greek #5449)
growth (by germination or expansion), i.e. (by implication) natural production (lineal descent); by extension, a genus or sort; figuratively, native disposition, constitution or usage
KJV usage: (man-)kind, nature(-al).
Pronounce: foo'-sis
Origin: from 5453
are
on (Greek #5607)
and the neuter ὄν (on) present participle of 1510; being
KJV usage: be, come, have.
Pronounce: oan
Origin: οὖσα (oo'-sah)
no
me (Greek #3361)
(adverb) not, (conjunction) lest; also (as an interrogative implying a negative answer (whereas 3756 expects an affirmative one)) whether
KJV usage: any but (that), X forbear, + God forbid, + lack, lest, neither, never, no (X wise in), none, nor, (can-)not, nothing, that not, un(-taken), without. Often used in compounds in substantially the same relations. See also 3362, 3363, 3364, 3372, 3373, 3375, 3378.
Pronounce: may
Origin: a primary particle of qualified negation (whereas 3756 expresses an absolute denial)
gods
theos (Greek #2316)
a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very
KJV usage: X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).
Pronounce: theh'-os
Origin: of uncertain affinity
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Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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when.
Ex. 5:2• 2And Pharaoh said, Who is Jehovah, to whose voice I am to hearken to let Israel go? I do not know Jehovah, neither will I let Israel go. (Ex. 5:2)
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Jer. 10:25• 25Pour out thy fury upon the nations that know thee not, and upon the families that call not on thy name; for they have eaten up Jacob, yea, they have eaten him up and consumed him, and have laid waste his dwelling-place. (Jer. 10:25)
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John 1:10• 10He was in the world, and the world had its being through him, and the world knew him not. (John 1:10)
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Acts 17:23,30• 23for, passing through and beholding your shrines, I found also an altar on which was inscribed, To the unknown God. Whom therefore ye reverence, not knowing him, him I announce to you.
30God therefore, having overlooked the times of ignorance, now enjoins men that they shall all everywhere repent,
(Acts 17:23,30)
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Rom. 1:28• 28And according as they did not think good to have God in their knowledge, God gave them up to a reprobate mind to practise unseemly things; (Rom. 1:28)
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1 Cor. 1:21• 21For since, in the wisdom of God, the world by wisdom has not known God, God has been pleased by the foolishness of the preaching to save those that believe. (1 Cor. 1:21)
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Eph. 2:11‑12• 11Wherefore remember that *ye*, once nations in the flesh, who are called uncircumcision by that called circumcision in the flesh done with the hand;
12that ye were at that time without Christ, aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
(Eph. 2:11‑12)
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Eph. 4:18• 18being darkened in understanding, estranged from the life of God by reason of the ignorance which is in them, by reason of the hardness of their hearts, (Eph. 4:18)
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1 Thess. 4:5• 5(not in passionate desire, even as the nations who know not God,) (1 Thess. 4:5)
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2 Thess. 1:8• 8in flaming fire taking vengeance on those who know not God, and those who do not obey the glad tidings of our Lord Jesus Christ; (2 Thess. 1:8)
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1 John 3:1• 1See what love the Father has given to us, that we should be called the children of God. For this reason the world knows us not, because it knew him not. (1 John 3:1)
ye did.
Josh. 24:2,15• 2And Joshua said unto all the people, Thus saith Jehovah the God of Israel: Your fathers dwelt of old on the other side of the river, Terah, the father of Abraham and the father of Nahor, and they served other gods.
15And if it seem evil unto you to serve Jehovah, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods whom your fathers that were on the other side of the river served, or the gods of the Amorite, in whose land ye dwell; but as for me and my house, we will serve Jehovah.
(Josh. 24:2,15)
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Psa. 115:4‑8• 4Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands:
5They have a mouth, and they speak not; eyes have they, and they see not;
6They have ears, and they hear not; a nose have they, and they smell not;
7They have hands, and they handle not; feet have they, and they walk not; they give no sound through their throat.
8They that make them are like unto them,--every one that confideth in them.
(Psa. 115:4‑8)
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Psa. 135:15‑18• 15The idols of the nations are silver and gold, the work of men's hands:
16They have a mouth, and they speak not; eyes have they, and they see not;
17They have ears, and they hear not; neither is there any breath in their mouth.
18They that make them are like unto them,--every one that confideth in them.
(Psa. 135:15‑18)
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Isa. 44:9‑20• 9They that form a graven image are all of them vanity, and their delectable things are of no profit; and they are their own witnesses: they see not, nor know;--that they may be ashamed.
10Who hath formed a *god, or molten a graven image that is profitable for nothing?
11Behold, all his fellows shall be ashamed; and the workmen are but men. Let them all be gathered together, let them stand up: they shall fear, they shall be ashamed together.
12The iron-smith hath a chisel, and he worketh in the coals, and he fashioneth it with hammers, and worketh it with his strong arm;--but he is hungry, and his strength faileth; he hath not drunk water, and he is faint.
13The worker in wood stretcheth out a line; he marketh it out with red chalk; he formeth it with sharp tools, and he marketh it out with the compass, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of man: that it may remain in the house.
14When he heweth him down cedars, he taketh also a holm-oak and a terebinth--he chooseth for himself among the trees of the forest: he planteth a pine, and the rain maketh it grow.
15And it shall be for a man to burn, and he taketh thereof, and warmeth himself; he kindleth it also, and baketh bread; he maketh also a *god, and worshippeth it; he maketh it a graven image, and falleth down thereto.
16He burneth part thereof in the fire; with part thereof he eateth flesh, he roasteth roast, and is satisfied; yea, he is warm, and saith, Aha, I am become warm, I have seen the fire.
17And with the remainder thereof he maketh a *god, his graven image; he falleth down unto it, and worshippeth it, and prayeth unto it, and saith, Deliver me, for thou art my *god.
18They have no knowledge, and understand not; for he hath plastered their eyes, that they may not see; and their hearts, that they may not understand.
19And none taketh it to heart, neither is there knowledge nor understanding to say, I have burned part of it in the fire, and have also baked bread upon the coals thereof, I have roasted flesh, and eaten it, and with the rest thereof shall I make an abomination? shall I bow down to a block of wood?
20He feedeth on ashes; a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, Is there not a lie in my right hand?
(Isa. 44:9‑20)
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Jer. 10:3‑16• 3For the statutes of the peoples are vanity; for it is a tree cut out of the forest, worked with a chisel by the hands of the artizan;
4they deck it with silver and with gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers, that it move not.
5They are as a palm-column of turned work, and they speak not; they are carried, for they cannot go. Be not afraid of them; for they cannot do evil, neither also is it in them to do good.
6There is none like unto thee, Jehovah; thou art great, and thy name is great in might.
7Who would not fear thee, O King of nations? For to thee doth it appertain; for among all the wise men of the nations, and in all their kingdoms, there is none like unto thee.
8But they are one and all senseless and foolish; the teaching of vanities is a stock.
9Silver spread into plates is brought from Tarshish, and gold from Uphaz, the work of the artizan and of the hands of the founder; blue and purple is their clothing: they are all the work of skilful men.
10But Jehovah Elohim is truth; he is the living God, and the King of eternity. At his wrath the earth trembleth, and the nations cannot abide his indignation.
11Thus shall ye say unto them: The gods that have not made the heavens and the earth, these shall perish from the earth, and from under the heavens.
12He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heavens by his understanding.
13When he uttereth his voice, there is a tumult of waters in the heavens, and he causeth the vapours to ascend from the end of the earth; he maketh lightnings for the rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasuries.
14Every man is become brutish, bereft of knowledge; every founder is put to shame by the graven image, for his molten image is falsehood, and there is no breath in them.
15They are vanity, a work of delusion: in the time of their visitation they shall perish.
16The portion of Jacob is not like them; for it is he that hath formed all things, and Israel is the rod of his inheritance: Jehovah of hosts is his name.
(Jer. 10:3‑16)
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Acts 14:12• 12And they called Barnabas Jupiter, and Paul Mercury, because he took the lead in speaking. (Acts 14:12)
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Acts 17:29• 29Being therefore the offspring of God, we ought not to think that which is divine to be like gold or silver or stone, the graven form of man's art and imagination. (Acts 17:29)
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Rom. 1:23• 23and changed the glory of the incorruptible God into the likeness of an image of corruptible man and of birds and quadrupeds and reptiles. (Rom. 1:23)
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1 Cor. 8:4• 4--concerning then the eating of things sacrificed to idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world, and that there is no other God save one. (1 Cor. 8:4)
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1 Cor. 10:19‑20• 19What then do I say? that what is sacrificed to an idol is anything, or that an idol is anything?
20But that what the nations sacrifice they sacrifice to demons, and not to God. Now I do not wish you to be in communion with demons.
(1 Cor. 10:19‑20)
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1 Cor. 12:2• 2Ye know that when ye were of the nations ye were led away to dumb idols, in whatever way ye might be led. (1 Cor. 12:2)
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1 Thess. 1:9• 9for they themselves relate concerning us what entering in we had to you, and how ye turned to God from idols to serve a living and true God, (1 Thess. 1:9)
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1 Peter 4:3• 3For the time past is sufficient for us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, walking in lasciviousness, lusts, wine-drinking, revels, drinkings, and unhallowed idolatries. (1 Peter 4:3)
 They knew not God, and were the slaves of everything that boasted of the name of God, in order to blind the heart of man alienated from Him who is the true God and from His knowledge. (Galatians 4 by J.N. Darby)

J. N. Darby Translation

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But then indeed, not knowing God, ye were in bondage to those who by nature are not godsl;

JND Translation Notes

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As the Hebrew in 2Chron. 13.9, "what is not God."

W. Kelly Translation

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But then, not knowing God, ye were in bondage to those who by nature are not gods;