Titus 3:5 KJV (With Strong’s)

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5
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ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
Not
ou (Greek #3756)
the absolute negative (compare 3361) adverb; no or not
KJV usage: + long, nay, neither, never, no (X man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but. See also 3364, 3372.
Pronounce: oo
Origin: οὐκ (ook), and (before an aspirate) οὐχ (ookh) a primary word
g by
ek (Greek #1537)
or ἐξ (ex) a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause; literal or figurative; direct or remote)
KJV usage: after, among, X are, at, betwixt(-yond), by (the means of), exceedingly, (+ abundantly above), for(- th), from (among, forth, up), + grudgingly, + heartily, X heavenly, X hereby, + very highly, in, ...ly, (because, by reason) of, off (from), on, out among (from, of), over, since, X thenceforth, through, X unto, X vehemently, with(-out). Often used in composition, with the same general import; often of completion.
Pronounce: ek
works
ergon (Greek #2041)
toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication, an act
KJV usage: deed, doing, labour, work.
Pronounce: er'-gon
Origin: from a primary (but obsolete) ἔργω (to work)
of
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
righteousness
dikaiosune (Greek #1343)
equity (of character or act); specially (Christian) justification
KJV usage: righteousness.
Pronounce: dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay
Origin: from 1342
which
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
we
hemeis (Greek #2249)
we (only used when emphatic)
KJV usage: us, we (ourselves).
Pronounce: hay-mice'
Origin: nominative plural of 1473
have done
poieo (Greek #4160)
to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct)
KJV usage: abide, + agree, appoint, X avenge, + band together, be, bear, + bewray, bring (forth), cast out, cause, commit, + content, continue, deal, + without any delay, (would) do(-ing), execute, exercise, fulfil, gain, give, have, hold, X journeying, keep, + lay wait, + lighten the ship, make, X mean, + none of these things move me, observe, ordain, perform, provide, + have purged, purpose, put, + raising up, X secure, shew, X shoot out, spend, take, tarry, + transgress the law, work, yield. Compare 4238.
Pronounce: poy-eh'-o
Origin: apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary
, but
alla (Greek #235)
properly, other things, i.e. (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations)
KJV usage: and, but (even), howbeit, indeed, nay, nevertheless, no, notwithstanding, save, therefore, yea, yet.
Pronounce: al-lah'
Origin: neuter plural of 243
according to
kata (Greek #2596)
(prepositionally) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined)
KJV usage: about, according as (to), after, against, (when they were) X alone, among, and, X apart, (even, like) as (concerning, pertaining to touching), X aside, at, before, beyond, by, to the charge of, (charita-)bly, concerning, + covered, (dai-)ly, down, every, (+ far more) exceeding, X more excellent, for, from ... to, godly, in(-asmuch, divers, every, -to, respect of), ... by, after the manner of, + by any means, beyond (out of) measure, X mightily, more, X natural, of (up-)on (X part), out (of every), over against, (+ your) X own, + particularly, so, through(-oughout, -oughout every), thus, (un-)to(-gether, -ward), X uttermost, where(-by), with. In composition it retains many of these applications, and frequently denotes opposition, distribution, or intensity.
Pronounce: kat-ah'
Origin: a primary particle
his
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
mercy
eleos (Greek #1656)
compassion (human or divine, especially active)
KJV usage: (+ tender) mercy.
Pronounce: el'-eh-os
Origin: of uncertain affinity
he saved
sozo (Greek #4982)
to save, i.e. deliver or protect (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: heal, preserve, save (self), do well, be (make) whole.
Pronounce: sode'-zo
Origin: from a primary σῶς (contraction for obsolete σάος, "safe")
us
hemas (Greek #2248)
us
KJV usage: our, us, we.
Pronounce: hay-mas'
Origin: accusative case plural of 1473
, by
dia (Greek #1223)
through (in very wide applications, local, causal, or occasional)
KJV usage: after, always, among, at, to avoid, because of (that), briefly, by, for (cause) ... fore, from, in, by occasion of, of, by reason of, for sake, that, thereby, therefore, X though, through(-out), to, wherefore, with (-in). In composition it retains the same general importance.
Pronounce: dee-ah'
Origin: a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act
the washing
loutron (Greek #3067)
a bath, i.e. (figuratively), baptism
KJV usage: washing.
Pronounce: loo-tron'
Origin: from 3068
of regeneration
paliggenesia (Greek #3824)
(spiritual) rebirth (the state or the act), i.e. (figuratively) spiritual renovation; specially, Messianic restoration
KJV usage: regeneration.
Pronounce: pal-ing-ghen-es-ee'-ah
Origin: from 3825 and 1078
, and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
renewing
anakainosis (Greek #342)
renovation
KJV usage: renewing.
Pronounce: an-ak-ah'-ee-no-sis
Origin: from 341
of the Holy
hagios (Greek #40)
sacred (physically, pure, morally blameless or religious, ceremonially, consecrated)
KJV usage: (most) holy (one, thing), saint.
Pronounce: hag'-ee-os
Origin: from ἅγος (an awful thing) (compare 53, 2282)
Ghost
pneuma (Greek #4151)
a current of air, i.e. breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively, a spirit, i.e. (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, demon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy Spirit
KJV usage: ghost, life, spirit(-ual, -ually), mind. Compare 5590.
Pronounce: pnyoo'-mah
Origin: from 4154
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Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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by works.
Job 9:20• 20If I justify myself, mine own mouth shall condemn me: if I say, I am perfect, it shall also prove me perverse. (Job 9:20)
;
Job 15:14• 14What is man, that he should be clean? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous? (Job 15:14)
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Job 25:4• 4How then can man be justified with God? or how can he be clean that is born of a woman? (Job 25:4)
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Psa. 143:2• 2And enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight shall no man living be justified. (Psa. 143:2)
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Isa. 57:12• 12I will declare thy righteousness, and thy works; for they shall not profit thee. (Isa. 57:12)
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Luke 10:27‑29• 27And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbor as thyself.
28And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right: this do, and thou shalt live.
29But he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, And who is my neighbor?
(Luke 10:27‑29)
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Rom. 3:20,28• 20Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.
28Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.
(Rom. 3:20,28)
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Rom. 4:5• 5But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. (Rom. 4:5)
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Rom. 9:11,16,30• 11(For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth;)
16So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that showeth mercy.
30What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith.
(Rom. 9:11,16,30)
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Rom. 11:6• 6And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work. (Rom. 11:6)
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Gal. 2:16• 16Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. (Gal. 2:16)
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Gal. 3:16‑21• 16Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.
17And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.
18For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.
19Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
20Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.
21Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.
(Gal. 3:16‑21)
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Eph. 2:4,8‑9• 4But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us,
8For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:
9Not of works, lest any man should boast.
(Eph. 2:4,8‑9)
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2 Tim. 1:9• 9Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began, (2 Tim. 1:9)
according.
Titus 3:4• 4But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, (Titus 3:4)
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Psa. 62:12• 12Also unto thee, O Lord, belongeth mercy: for thou renderest to every man according to his work. (Psa. 62:12)
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Psa. 86:5,15• 5For thou, Lord, art good, and ready to forgive; and plenteous in mercy unto all them that call upon thee.
15But thou, O Lord, art a God full of compassion, and gracious, longsuffering, and plenteous in mercy and truth.
(Psa. 86:5,15)
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Psa. 130:7• 7Let Israel hope in the Lord: for with the Lord there is mercy, and with him is plenteous redemption. (Psa. 130:7)
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Mic. 7:18• 18Who is a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth in mercy. (Mic. 7:18)
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Luke 1:50,54,72,78• 50And his mercy is on them that fear him from generation to generation.
54He hath holpen his servant Israel, in remembrance of his mercy;
72To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant;
78Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,
(Luke 1:50,54,72,78)
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Eph. 1:6‑7• 6To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.
7In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;
(Eph. 1:6‑7)
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Heb. 4:16• 16Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need. (Heb. 4:16)
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1 Peter 1:3• 3Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, (1 Peter 1:3)
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1 Peter 2:10• 10Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy. (1 Peter 2:10)
washing.
renewing.
 “Regeneration.” Verses 37 show what we were until God in mercy saved us by bringing us out of our old status into the eternally new (Eph. 2:8-10; 2 Tim. 1:9; 2 Cor. 5:17-18; Col. 1:13; 2:12-13; 3:1,3). Then, in addition to this, the Holy Spirit renews us day by day. (Help on Hard Verses by A.C. Brown)
 The philanthropy of God means His special affection towards man and, as we shall see presently, shown in a way of which the creature is quite incapable. (On Titus 3:5 by W. Kelly)
 We committed sins in unrighteousness abundantly; works in righteousness we ourselves never did till we were justified by divine grace. But according to His mercy God saved us. Thus is He God our Savior. It is not only the title of His character: He has wrought according to His mercy in Christ. (On Titus 3:5 by W. Kelly)
 Regeneration is a new state of things (On Titus 3:5 by W. Kelly)
 the regeneration when the Son of Man shall sit on the throne of His glory, ye also shall sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel." It is the changed state of the earth which the Lord will introduce at His coming, as the kingdom of God pre-supposes according to John 3 That state is not yet come; but there is an action of grace which already apprehends a believer for it the moment he receives Christ. (On Titus 3:5 by W. Kelly)
 If the washing of regeneration is an objective sign, the renewing is a real and divine work in the soul. In order that it should be so, the Holy Spirit, as He does invariably, takes His suited, and efficacious part, which is no mere token but a reality in power. (On Titus 3:5 by W. Kelly)
 There is a total change of position in Christ, a new place which is given to the believer, as well as another state subjectively. This is expressed by the washing and renewing. Old things are passed away, all things are become new. (On Titus 3:6 by W. Kelly)

J. N. Darby Translation

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5
not on the principle of works which have been done in righteousness which *we* had done, but according to his own mercy he saved us through the washingb of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit,

JND Translation Notes

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b
"Washing" is right here. It is a bath, or the water for it. "Regeneration" is not the same word as "being born again," nor is it used so in scripture. The force of the word is a change of position; a new state of things. The word is only used here, and in Matt. 19.28 for the Saviour's coming kingdom.

W. Kelly Translation

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5
anot by works in righteousness which we ourselves did, but according to his mercy he saved us, through the washing of regeneration and the renewing of the Holy Ghost,

WK Translation Notes

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a
washing: It is well known that some are disposed to understand here "the laver of regeneration." The A.V. did not recognize this; the margin of the Revised Version does. It is well that the Revisers did not venture farther. The notion is absolutely unfounded; for λουτρὸν never means laver but washing, or the water for the washing (in the sense of bath), as is notorious. Never in the N.T. occurs λουτὴρ which is the proper word for "laver." They are both found in the Septuagint, and even λουτρὼν a place for washing or bathing-room. It is strange indeed that a commentator of learning could say that λουτρὸν, is always a vessel or pool in which washing takes place, here the "baptismal font." Liddell and Scott do, it is true, give "a bath, bathing place," but not a solitary instance of such usage. Their abundant references are to hot or cold bathing in the sense of washing, or water for it, or even libations to the dead; but λουτὴρ is the tub or laver, as λουτρὼν is the place or bathroom. Bp. Ellicott and Dean Alford misrepresent the LXX., of course only through haste or pre-occupation. The word is correctly translated "washing" in our text. There could be no question about the matter, unless there had been a prejudice to warp the mind. The wish was father of the thought. (Exp. of Titus and Phile., p.102)
washing: [The RV] rightly follow[s] the Authorized Version, and give[s] "washing." "Laver ought not to be even in the margin. (See Eph. 5:26) (Bible Treasury 14:31)
Ghost ^: [See note to 3:3]