Rev. 7:14 KJV (With Strong’s)

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14
And
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
I said
ereo (Greek #2046)
an alternate for 2036 in certain tenses; to utter, i.e. speak or say
KJV usage: call, say, speak (of), tell.
Pronounce: er-eh'-o
Origin: probably a fuller form of 4483
unto him
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
, Sir
kurios (Greek #2962)
supreme in authority, i.e. (as noun) controller; by implication, Master (as a respectful title)
KJV usage: God, Lord, master, Sir.
Pronounce: koo'-ree-os
Origin: from κῦρος (supremacy)
, thou
su (Greek #4771)
thou
KJV usage: thou. See also 4571, 4671, 4675; and for the plural 5209, 5210, 5213, 5216.
Pronounce: soo
Origin: the person pronoun of the second person singular
knowest
eido (Greek #1492)
used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent 3700 and 3708; properly, to see (literally or figuratively); by implication, (in the perfect tense only) to know
KJV usage: be aware, behold, X can (+ not tell), consider, (have) know(-ledge), look (on), perceive, see, be sure, tell, understand, wish, wot. Compare 3700.
Pronounce: i'-do
Origin: a primary verb
. And
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
he said
epo (Greek #2036)
to speak or say (by word or writing)
KJV usage: answer, bid, bring word, call, command, grant, say (on), speak, tell. Compare 3004.
Pronounce: ep'-o
Origin: a primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from 2046, 4483, and 5346)
to me
moi (Greek #3427)
to me
KJV usage: I, me, mine, my.
Pronounce: moy
Origin: the simpler form of 1698
, These
houtos (Greek #3778)
the he (she or it), i.e. this or that (often with article repeated)
KJV usage: he (it was that), hereof, it, she, such as, the same, these, they, this (man, same, woman), which, who.
Pronounce: hoo'-tos
Origin: οὗτοι (hoo'-toy), nominative feminine singular αὕτη (how'-tay), and nominative feminine plural αὕται (how'-tahee) from the article 3588 and 846
are
eisi (Greek #1526)
they are
KJV usage: agree, are, be, dure, X is, were.
Pronounce: i-see'
Origin: 3d person plural present indicative of 1510
they which came
erchomai (Greek #2064)
middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred (middle voice) ἐλεύθομαι (el-yoo'-thom-ahee), or (active) ἔλθω (el'-tho), which do not otherwise occur) to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively)
KJV usage: accompany, appear, bring, come, enter, fall out, go, grow, X light, X next, pass, resort, be set.
Pronounce: er'-khom-ahee
out
ek (Greek #1537)
or ἐξ (ex) a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause; literal or figurative; direct or remote)
KJV usage: after, among, X are, at, betwixt(-yond), by (the means of), exceedingly, (+ abundantly above), for(- th), from (among, forth, up), + grudgingly, + heartily, X heavenly, X hereby, + very highly, in, ...ly, (because, by reason) of, off (from), on, out among (from, of), over, since, X thenceforth, through, X unto, X vehemently, with(-out). Often used in composition, with the same general import; often of completion.
Pronounce: ek
of great
megas (Greek #3173)
big (literally or figuratively, in a very wide application)
KJV usage: (+ fear) exceedingly, great(-est), high, large, loud, mighty, + (be) sore (afraid), strong, X to years.
Pronounce: meg'-as
Origin: (including the prolonged forms, feminine μεγάλη, plural μεγάλοι, etc.; compare also 3176, 3187)
tribulation
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
thlipsis (Greek #2347)
pressure (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: afflicted(-tion), anguish, burdened, persecution, tribulation, trouble.
Pronounce: thlip'-sis
Origin: from 2346
s, and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
have washed
pluno (Greek #4150)
to "plunge", i.e. launder clothing
KJV usage: wash. Compare 3068, 3538.
Pronounce: ploo'-no
Origin: a prolonged form of an obsolete πλύω (to "flow")
t their
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
robes
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
stole (Greek #4749)
equipment, i.e. (specially), a "stole" or long-fitting gown (as a mark of dignity)
KJV usage: long clothing (garment), (long) robe.
Pronounce: stol-ay'
Origin: from 4724
, and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
made
leukaino (Greek #3021)
to whiten
KJV usage: make white, whiten.
Pronounce: lyoo-kah'-ee-no
Origin: from 3022
them
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
white
leukaino (Greek #3021)
to whiten
KJV usage: make white, whiten.
Pronounce: lyoo-kah'-ee-no
Origin: from 3022
in
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
the blood
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
haima (Greek #129)
blood, literally (of men or animals), figuratively (the juice of grapes) or specially (the atoning blood of Christ); by implication, bloodshed, also kindred
KJV usage: blood.
Pronounce: hah'-ee-mah
Origin: of uncertain derivation
u of the Lamb
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
arnion (Greek #721)
a lambkin
KJV usage: lamb.
Pronounce: ar-nee'-on
Origin: diminutive from 704
.*
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
,*
stole (Greek #4749)
equipment, i.e. (specially), a "stole" or long-fitting gown (as a mark of dignity)
KJV usage: long clothing (garment), (long) robe.
Pronounce: stol-ay'
Origin: from 4724

More on:

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Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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thou.
came.
Rev. 2:9• 9I know thy tribulation and thy poverty; but thou art rich; and the railing of those who say that they themselves are Jews, and are not, but a synagogue of Satan. (Rev. 2:9)
;
Rev. 6:9‑11• 9And when it opened the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls of them that had been slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held;
10and they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O sovereign Ruler, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell upon the earth?
11And there was given to them, to each one a white robe; and it was said to them that they should rest yet a little while, until both their fellow-bondmen and their brethren, who were about to be killed as they, should be fulfilled.
(Rev. 6:9‑11)
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Rev. 15:2• 2And I saw as a glass sea, mingled with fire, and those that had gained the victory over the beast, and over its image, and over the number of its name, standing upon the glass sea, having harps of God. (Rev. 15:2)
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Rev. 17:6• 6And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the witnesses of Jesus. And I wondered, seeing her, with great wonder. (Rev. 17:6)
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John 16:33• 33These things have I spoken to you that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye have tribulation; but be of good courage: I have overcome the world. (John 16:33)
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Acts 14:22• 22establishing the souls of the disciples, exhorting them to abide in the faith, and that through many tribulations we must enter into the kingdom of God. (Acts 14:22)
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Rom. 5:3• 3And not only that, but we also boast in tribulations, knowing that tribulation works endurance; (Rom. 5:3)
;
2 Thess. 1:4• 4so that we ourselves make our boast in you in the assemblies of God for your endurance and faith in all your persecutions and tribulations, which ye are sustaining; (2 Thess. 1:4)
and have.
Rev. 1:5• 5and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. To him who loves us, and has washed us from our sins in his blood, (Rev. 1:5)
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Isa. 1:18• 18Come now, let us reason together, saith Jehovah: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool. (Isa. 1:18)
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Zech. 3:3‑5• 3And Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the Angel.
4And he spoke and said unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away the filthy garments from off him. And unto him he said, See, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I clothe thee with festival-robes.
5And I said, Let them set a pure turban upon his head. And they set the pure turban upon his head, and clothed him with garments; and the Angel of Jehovah stood by.
(Zech. 3:3‑5)
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Zech. 13:1• 1In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and for uncleanness. (Zech. 13:1)
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John 13:8‑14• 8Peter says to him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, Unless I wash thee, thou hast not part with me.
9Simon Peter says to him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head.
10Jesus says to him, He that is washed all over needs not to wash save his feet, but is wholly clean; and ye are clean, but not all.
11For he knew him that delivered him up: on account of this he said, Ye are not all clean.
12When therefore he had washed their feet, and taken his garments, having sat down again, he said to them, Do ye know what I have done to you?
13Ye call me the Teacher and the Lord, and ye say well, for I am so.
14If I therefore, the Lord and the Teacher, have washed your feet, ye also ought to wash one another's feet;
(John 13:8‑14)
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1 Cor. 6:11• 11And these things were some of you; but ye have been washed, but ye have been sanctified, but ye have been justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. (1 Cor. 6:11)
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Eph. 5:26‑27• 26in order that he might sanctify it, purifying it by the washing of water by the word,
27that *he* might present the assembly to himself glorious, having no spot, or wrinkle, or any of such things; but that it might be holy and blameless.
(Eph. 5:26‑27)
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Heb. 9:14• 14how much rather shall the blood of the Christ, who by the eternal Spirit offered himself spotless to God, purify your conscience from dead works to worship the living God? (Heb. 9:14)
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1 John 1:7• 7But if we walk in the light as *he* is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanses us from all sin. (1 John 1:7)
the blood.
 But the prophet, who had just known the election of Israel sealed and had heard the number of them, has to turn to one of the elders in order to learn who the countless company are. They were to John a new unknown crowd among the blessed. (Lectures on Revelation 7 by W. Kelly)
 God, in His fulness of mercy, will go to those outside. Thus I believe that these very countries which have set themselves up as the centre from whence the light emanates will then be in antichristian idolatry, while those which have been in darkness will come out into light. (Lectures on Revelation 7 by W. Kelly)

J. N. Darby Translation

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14
And I said to him, My lord, *thou* knowest. And he said to me, These are they who come out of the great tribulation, and have washedd their robes, and have maded them white in the blood of the Lamb.

JND Translation Notes

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d
Aorists.

W. Kelly Translation

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14
And I said to him, My lord, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they that come out of the great tribulation, and they washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb1.

WK Translation Notes

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1
I said: ἔιρηκα AC., very many mss.; εἶπον B., thirty-seven cursives, Compl. (Rev. of John, 1860, p.22)
My: μου, omitted by A., many cursives, Æth., Prim., is read after κύριε by BC. and most mss., Compl., Vulg., Cop., Syr., Ar.p, Slav. mss., And., Are., cat. (Rev. of John, 1860, p.22)
My: Rec. and Tisch. omit μου after κύριε, (Ln. with brackets), the others add. (Prospect 1:157)
come out of the great tribulation: [In the RV] it is rightly "come out of the great tribulation." (Bible Treasury 14:159)
out of the: ἐκ τ. θλ. τ. B. and all others, And., Are., cat.; ἀπὸ θλ. μ. A. (Rev. of John, 1860, p.22)
out of the: Ln. άπὸ θλ. μ. A., the rest ἐκ τ. θλ. τ. (Prospect 1:157)
out of the: Next, in the edition of 1844 [of Tregelles], "out of the great tribulation" is given unhesitatingly as the force of the words ἐκ τῆς θ. τῆς μ. Lachmann alone, I believe, reads ἀπὸ θ. μ. But Mr. T. properly adhered to the more usual and best supported text, and he translated accordingly. In 1848, he brackets the definite article, and appends a note to this effect: "The articles in this passage are of doubtful authority; but, even if genuine, little could be rested on the insertion; for θλιψις, like ὐπομονη, and all similar words, would take the article in Greek, where we should not insert it in English." Now, first as to the doubt, is the Alexandrine MS. to invalidate the mass of consenting authority which is in favor of the received text? Does Mr. T. himself permit it to weigh so strongly elsewhere? I find, on the contrary, that he rejects its readings in about ten cases in this very chapter (as in omitting τῆς before θαλ—δένδρου—ἀνατολῶν—καὶ the omission of καὶ ἤκ. τ. ἀ. τ. ἐσφ—ὄχλον πολον καὶ—‘ςπὶ θ—the omission of καὶ ἠ σ-. Why should A impugn the text in the present instance? This reading is singled out as suspicious, though resting on as solid a basis as the other ten which have escaped his brackets. But, not content with this, Mr. T. seems resolved, by his next words, to get rid of his own emendation of 1844: "Even if genuine," says he, "little could be rested on the insertion." His reason is, that θλῖψις would take the article in Greek, where we should not insert it in English. What has this to do with the question here, which is, Would this phrase be fairly Englished by "great tribulation?" Is there no meaning, no certainty, in the insertion or omission of the article? I answer, without the smallest hesitation, that the drift of the editor’s note is clearly erroneous. That there are cases where θ, and all words capable of an abstract sense, take the article in Greek, where the corresponding English terms do not, is certain. Compare Rom. 5:3, 12:12, where ἠ θ. and τῆ θ. mean, I suppose, the abstract thing, tribulation, and therefore the article is necessary. The only other case where the article is or can be used with θ. is when there is a reference to some tribulation (or tribulations), rendered specific by previous mention, or otherwise. If neither be the case, the word is invariably anarthrous, as in Matt. 13:21; 24:9,21; Mark 4:17; 13:9; John 15:33; Acts 7:11; 14:22; 20:23; Rom. 2:9; 8:35; etc. But in Matt. 24:29, θ. necessarily becomes a definite object—that particular tribulation which had been named previously, as also Mark 13:24. In John 16, the joy and the sorrow are special, and therefore demand the article; and so the reader may pursue the point throughout Scripture. I admit, therefore, that ἠ θλῖψις may, and in some cases does, mean "tribulation," because the term is used abstractedly in its full extent. But I affirm that ἠ μεγάλη θλῖψις, or ἠ θ. ἠ μ., does not, and cannot, mean anything but "the great tribulation;" because the adjunct μεγάλη of necessity destroys the abstractness of the thought, and no other case of the employment of the article is admissible, save that of a certain defined tribulation—in this instance, "the GREAT tribulation." (The Prospect 1:87,88)
out of the:... the true reading here is "They which come out of the great tribulation." The omission of the article is wrong in the common text, and must be given in English to represent fairly the sense given by the best authorities. It is not always so; but it is needless to say that there are definite means of judging, and there is no question at all about its necessity here. To those who know these matters this is a ruled point, not without the effort of prejudice in some to resist the conclusion, but in vain. (Bible Treasury N9:253-254)
out of the: Here let me correct what I presume must have been a very unintentional error in our common version. It is univerally admitted by every one entitled to speak with weight on such a point, that the true, plain, and only meaning of the text is "out of the great tribulation." The difference is immense. If I simply look at the throng, and say, "They come out of great tribulation," I may spiritualize and say, "Here is the Church: they have always been in great tribulation in the world, and will emerge from it at last into heavenly glory." The moment you render it as it ought to be—"the great tribulation," this vague way of understanding it drops as inapplicable. (Lectures on the Second Coming, p.2’72)
they washed: ἐπλάτυναν 2. 9. 13.* 29. 30. 41. 42. 50. 93. 94. 95. 97. 98. Er. (Rev. of John, 1860, p.22)
them: αὐτάς after ἐλ. A. 10. 12. 19. 37. 46. 49. 91. 96. Compl., Vulg., Cop., Syr., Ar.p; στολἀς (2 prefixing τάς) many cursives, Rec.; but B., more than thirty mss., omit (28. κ. ἐλ. τ. στ. α. κ. ἐλ. α.) (Rev. of John, 1860, p.22)
them: Rec. ἐλεύκαναν στολἀς αὐτῶν, Gr. Sz. Ln. and Treg. (with brackets) ἐλεύκ. αὐτάς. Tisch. omits altogether. (Prospect 1:157)