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1 Peter 5

1 Peter 5:8 KJV (With Strong’s)

Be sober
nepho (Greek #3525)
of uncertain affinity: to abstain from wine (keep sober), i.e. (figuratively) be discreet
KJV usage: be sober, watch.
Pronounce: nay'-fo
, be vigilant
gregoreuo (Greek #1127)
to keep awake, i.e. watch (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: be vigilant, wake, (be) watch(-ful).
Pronounce: gray-gor-yoo'-o
Origin: from 1453
; because
hoti (Greek #3754)
demonstrative, that (sometimes redundant); causative, because
KJV usage: as concerning that, as though, because (that), for (that), how (that), (in) that, though, why.
Pronounce: hot'-ee
Origin: neuter of 3748 as conjunction
humon (Greek #5216)
of (from or concerning) you
KJV usage: ye, you, your (own, -selves).
Pronounce: hoo-mone'
Origin: genitive case of 5210
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
antidikos (Greek #476)
an opponent (in a lawsuit); specially, Satan (as the arch-enemy)
KJV usage: adversary.
Pronounce: an-tid'-ee-kos
Origin: from 473 and 1349
the devil
diabolos (Greek #1228)
a traducer; specially, Satan (compare 07854)
KJV usage: false accuser, devil, slanderer.
Pronounce: dee-ab'-ol-os
Origin: from 1225
, as
hos (Greek #5613)
which how, i.e. in that manner (very variously used, as follows)
KJV usage: about, after (that), (according) as (it had been, it were), as soon (as), even as (like), for, how (greatly), like (as, unto), since, so (that), that, to wit, unto, when(-soever), while, X with all speed.
Pronounce: hoce
Origin: probably adverb of comparative from 3739
y a roaring
oruomai (Greek #5612)
to "roar"
KJV usage: roar.
Pronounce: o-roo'-om-ahee
Origin: middle voice of an apparently primary verb
leon (Greek #3023)
a "lion"
KJV usage: lion.
Pronounce: leh-ohn'
Origin: a primary word
, walketh about
peripateo (Greek #4043)
to tread all around, i.e. walk at large (especially as proof of ability); figuratively, to live, deport oneself, follow (as a companion or votary)
KJV usage: go, be occupied with, walk (about).
Pronounce: per-ee-pat-eh'-o
Origin: from 4012 and 3961
, seeking
zeteo (Greek #2212)
to seek (literally or figuratively); specially, (by Hebraism) to worship (God), or (in a bad sense) to plot (against life)
KJV usage: be (go) about, desire, endeavour, enquire (for), require, (X will) seek (after, for, means). Compare 4441.
Pronounce: dzay-teh'-o
Origin: of uncertain affinity
tis (Greek #5101)
an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions)
KJV usage: every man, how (much), + no(-ne, thing), what (manner, thing), where (-by, -fore, -of, -unto, - with, -withal), whether, which, who(-m, -se), why.
Pronounce: tis
Origin: probably emphatic of 5100
he may devour
katapino (Greek #2666)
to drink down, i.e. gulp entire (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: devour, drown, swallow (up).
Pronounce: kat-ap-ee'-no
Origin: from 2596 and 4095

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Cross References


Ministry on This Verse

1 Peter 1:13• 13Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ; (1 Peter 1:13)
1 Peter 4:7• 7But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer. (1 Peter 4:7)
Matt. 24:48‑50• 48But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming;
49And shall begin to smite his fellowservants, and to eat and drink with the drunken;
50The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for him, and in an hour that he is not aware of,
(Matt. 24:48‑50)
Luke 12:45‑46• 45But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken;
46The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for him, and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers.
(Luke 12:45‑46)
Luke 21:34,36• 34And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and so that day come upon you unawares.
36Watch ye therefore, and pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man.
(Luke 21:34,36)
Rom. 13:11‑13• 11And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed.
12The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armor of light.
13Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.
(Rom. 13:11‑13)
1 Thess. 5:6‑8• 6Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober.
7For they that sleep sleep in the night; and they that be drunken are drunken in the night.
8But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.
(1 Thess. 5:6‑8)
1 Tim. 2:9,15• 9In like manner also, that women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with shamefacedness and sobriety; not with broided hair, or gold, or pearls, or costly array;
15Notwithstanding she shall be saved in childbearing, if they continue in faith and charity and holiness with sobriety.
(1 Tim. 2:9,15)
1 Tim. 3:2,11• 2A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behavior, given to hospitality, apt to teach;
11Even so must their wives be grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful in all things.
(1 Tim. 3:2,11)
Titus 1:8• 8But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate; (Titus 1:8)
Titus 2:2,4,6,12• 2That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.
4That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children,
6Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded.
12Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;
(Titus 2:2,4,6,12)
the devil.
Matt. 4:1,11• 1Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.
11Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him.
(Matt. 4:1,11)
Matt. 13:39• 39The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. (Matt. 13:39)
Matt. 25:41• 41Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: (Matt. 25:41)
John 8:44• 44Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. (John 8:44)
Eph. 4:27• 27Neither give place to the devil. (Eph. 4:27)
Eph. 6:11• 11Put on the whole armor of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. (Eph. 6:11)
James 4:7• 7Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. (James 4:7)
1 John 3:8‑10• 8He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil.
9Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God.
10In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.
(1 John 3:8‑10)
Rev. 12:9• 9And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. (Rev. 12:9)
Rev. 20:2,10• 2And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,
10And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
(Rev. 20:2,10)
Judg. 14:5• 5Then went Samson down, and his father and his mother, to Timnath, and came to the vineyards of Timnath: and, behold, a young lion roared against him. (Judg. 14:5)
Psa. 104:21• 21The young lions roar after their prey, and seek their meat from God. (Psa. 104:21)
Prov. 19:12• 12The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favor is as dew upon the grass. (Prov. 19:12)
Prov. 20:2• 2The fear of a king is as the roaring of a lion: whoso provoketh him to anger sinneth against his own soul. (Prov. 20:2)
Isa. 5:29‑30• 29Their roaring shall be like a lion, they shall roar like young lions: yea, they shall roar, and lay hold of the prey, and shall carry it away safe, and none shall deliver it.
30And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if one look unto the land, behold darkness and sorrow, and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof.
(Isa. 5:29‑30)
Isa. 14:12‑13• 12How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
13For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
(Isa. 14:12‑13)
Jer. 2:15• 15The young lions roared upon him, and yelled, and they made his land waste: his cities are burned without inhabitant. (Jer. 2:15)
Jer. 51:38• 38They shall roar together like lions: they shall yell as lions' whelps. (Jer. 51:38)
Ezek. 19:7• 7And he knew their desolate palaces, and he laid waste their cities; and the land was desolate, and the fulness thereof, by the noise of his roaring. (Ezek. 19:7)
Hos. 11:10• 10They shall walk after the Lord: he shall roar like a lion: when he shall roar, then the children shall tremble from the west. (Hos. 11:10)
Joel 3:16• 16The Lord also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the Lord will be the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel. (Joel 3:16)
Amos 1:2• 2And he said, The Lord will roar from Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the habitations of the shepherds shall mourn, and the top of Carmel shall wither. (Amos 1:2)
Amos 3:4,8• 4Will a lion roar in the forest, when he hath no prey? will a young lion cry out of his den, if he have taken nothing?
8The lion hath roared, who will not fear? the Lord God hath spoken, who can but prophesy?
(Amos 3:4,8)
Zech. 11:3• 3There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of young lions; for the pride of Jordan is spoiled. (Zech. 11:3)
2 Tim. 4:17• 17Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known, and that all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion. (2 Tim. 4:17)
Rev. 12:12• 12Therefore rejoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time. (Rev. 12:12)
 Here it is as a roaring lion Satan comes, hence these Hebrew believers were going through persecution. In the 2nd Epistle he comes as a snake in the grass, introducing moral corruption. (Exhortations by W.T.P. Wolston)
 We can passingly notice what more affects leaders, the fault and the snare of the devil endangering an overseer, as in 1 Timothy 3:6-7; and the possible recovery from his snare, as in the Second Epistle (2 Tim. 2:22,26), for adversaries that repent. In Heb. 2:14-15, he is the one that has the might of death annulled through the Savior's death; and in the Revelation he is shown fully both as to the church and in the world to his utter ruin. (1 Peter 5:8-11 by W. Kelly)
 It is in the character of a roaring lion, one who excites open persecution, that the Apostle presents him. (1 Peter 5 by J.N. Darby)
 If faith be a mere matter of mental enlightenment, mere head-conviction and not heart-trust, it fails and he devours us. We are therefore to be sober and watchful. (1 Peter 5 by F.B. Hole)

J. N. Darby Translation

Be vigilantd, watch. Your adversary the devil as a roaring lion walks about seeking whom he may devour.

JND Translation Notes

Or "be humbled," aorist; also "vigilant," "watch," and "resist" refer to characters to be won. see Note g, ver. 2.

W. Kelly Translation

Be vigilant, watcha: your adversary [the] devil as a roaring lion walketh about, seeking whom he may devour;

WK Translation Notes

The best authorities do not support the word "because" of the T. R. followed by the KJV. It clogs the vigor of words clear and ringing as a trumpet call.