2 Peter 1:3 KJV (With Strong’s)

+
3
*
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
According as
hos (Greek #5613)
which how, i.e. in that manner (very variously used, as follows)
KJV usage: about, after (that), (according) as (it had been, it were), as soon (as), even as (like), for, how (greatly), like (as, unto), since, so (that), that, to wit, unto, when(-soever), while, X with all speed.
Pronounce: hoce
Origin: probably adverb of comparative from 3739
his
autos (Greek #846)
the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the comparative 1438) of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
KJV usage: her, it(-self), one, the other, (mine) own, said, (self-), the) same, ((him-, my-, thy- )self, (your-)selves, she, that, their(-s), them(-selves), there(-at, - by, -in, -into, -of, -on, -with), they, (these) things, this (man), those, together, very, which. Compare 848.
Pronounce: ow-tos'
Origin: from the particle αὖ (perhaps akin to the base of 109 through the idea of a baffling wind) (backward)
divine
theios (Greek #2304)
godlike (neuter as noun, divinity)
KJV usage: divine, godhead.
Pronounce: thi'-os
Origin: from 2316
power
dunamis (Greek #1411)
force (literally or figuratively); specially, miraculous power (usually by implication, a miracle itself)
KJV usage: ability, abundance, meaning, might(-ily, -y, -y deed), (worker of) miracle(-s), power, strength, violence, mighty (wonderful) work.
Pronounce: doo'-nam-is
Origin: from 1410
hath given
doreomai (Greek #1433)
to bestow gratuitously
KJV usage: give.
Pronounce: do-reh'-om-ahee
Origin: middle voice from 1435
unto us
hemin (Greek #2254)
to (or for, with, by) us
KJV usage: our, (for) us, we.
Pronounce: hay-meen'
Origin: dative case plural of 1473
alle things
pas (Greek #3956)
apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole
KJV usage: all (manner of, means), alway(-s), any (one), X daily, + ever, every (one, way), as many as, + no(-thing), X thoroughly, whatsoever, whole, whosoever.
Pronounce: pas
Origin: including all the forms of declension
that
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
pertain unto
pros (Greek #4314)
a preposition of direction; forward to, i.e. toward (with the genitive case, the side of, i.e. pertaining to; with the dative case, by the side of, i.e. near to; usually with the accusative case, the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, i.e. whither or for which it is predicated)
KJV usage: about, according to , against, among, at, because of, before, between, (where-)by, for, X at thy house, in, for intent, nigh unto, of, which pertain to, that, to (the end that), X together, to (you) -ward, unto, with(-in). In the comparative case, it denotes essentially the same applications, namely, motion towards, accession to, or nearness at.
Pronounce: pros
Origin: a strengthened form of 4253
life
zoe (Greek #2222)
life (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: life(-time). Compare 5590.
Pronounce: dzo-ay'
Origin: from 2198
and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
godliness
eusebeia (Greek #2150)
piety; specially, the gospel scheme
KJV usage: godliness, holiness.
Pronounce: yoo-seb'-i-ah
Origin: from 2152
, through
dia (Greek #1223)
through (in very wide applications, local, causal, or occasional)
KJV usage: after, always, among, at, to avoid, because of (that), briefly, by, for (cause) ... fore, from, in, by occasion of, of, by reason of, for sake, that, thereby, therefore, X though, through(-out), to, wherefore, with (-in). In composition it retains the same general importance.
Pronounce: dee-ah'
Origin: a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act
the knowledge
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
epignosis (Greek #1922)
recognition, i.e. (by implication) full discernment, acknowledgement
KJV usage: (ac-)knowledge(-ing, - ment).
Pronounce: ep-ig'-no-sis
Origin: from 1921
of him that hath called
kaleo (Greek #2564)
to "call" (properly, aloud, but used in a variety of applications, directly or otherwise)
KJV usage: bid, call (forth), (whose, whose sur-)name (was (called)).
Pronounce: kal-eh'-o
Origin: akin to the base of 2753
us
hemas (Greek #2248)
us
KJV usage: our, us, we.
Pronounce: hay-mas'
Origin: accusative case plural of 1473
ζto
dia (Greek #1223)
through (in very wide applications, local, causal, or occasional)
KJV usage: after, always, among, at, to avoid, because of (that), briefly, by, for (cause) ... fore, from, in, by occasion of, of, by reason of, for sake, that, thereby, therefore, X though, through(-out), to, wherefore, with (-in). In composition it retains the same general importance.
Pronounce: dee-ah'
Origin: a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act
glory
doxa (Greek #1391)
glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literal or figurative, objective or subjective)
KJV usage: dignity, glory(-ious), honour, praise, worship.
Pronounce: dox'-ah
Origin: from the base of 1380
and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
virtue
arete (Greek #703)
properly, manliness (valor), i.e. excellence (intrinsic or attributed)
KJV usage: praise, virtue.
Pronounce: ar-et'-ay
Origin: from the same as 730
g:

Cross References

+
his.
Psa. 110:3• 3Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth. (Psa. 110:3)
;
Matt. 28:18• 18And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. (Matt. 28:18)
;
John 17:2• 2As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. (John 17:2)
;
2 Cor. 12:9• 9And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. (2 Cor. 12:9)
;
Eph. 1:19‑21• 19And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power,
20Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places,
21Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
(Eph. 1:19‑21)
;
Col. 1:16• 16For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: (Col. 1:16)
;
Heb. 1:3• 3Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; (Heb. 1:3)
all.
through.
called.
Rom. 8:28‑30• 28And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.
29For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.
30Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
(Rom. 8:28‑30)
;
Rom. 9:24• 24Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? (Rom. 9:24)
;
1 Cor. 1:9• 9God is faithful, by whom ye were called unto the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord. (1 Cor. 1:9)
;
Eph. 4:1,4• 1I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called,
4There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling;
(Eph. 4:1,4)
;
1 Thess. 2:12• 12That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory. (1 Thess. 2:12)
;
1 Thess. 4:7• 7For God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness. (1 Thess. 4:7)
;
2 Thess. 2:14• 14Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. (2 Thess. 2:14)
;
2 Tim. 1:9• 9Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began, (2 Tim. 1:9)
;
1 Peter 1:15• 15But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation; (1 Peter 1:15)
;
1 Peter 2:9,21• 9But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:
21For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps:
(1 Peter 2:9,21)
;
1 Peter 3:9• 9Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing. (1 Peter 3:9)
;
1 Peter 5:10• 10But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you. (1 Peter 5:10)
to.
or, by.
virtue.

J. N. Darby Translation

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3
As his divine power has given to us all things which relate to life and godliness, through the knowledgei of him that has called us by gloryk and virtue,

JND Translation Notes

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i
Epignosis, "full knowledge," "personal recognition," as Col. 1.9.
k
Many read "by (his) own glory."

W. Kelly Translation

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3
aAs his divine power hath granted to us all things that [are] for life and godliness through the knowledge of him that called us by his own glory and excellence,

WK Translation Notes

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a
his own: The Vatican supports most copies in reading "through glory and excellence," as in the Text Rec. But א A C P and other good witnesses warrant what is here given, and followed by the better critics save Westcott and Hort. (Epist. of Peter, Part 2, p.35)
his own: There is, however, an important correction which closes verse 3 (the margin of the Authorized Version being better than its text), as it had been in Tyndale and Cranmer. But the Geneva Version went all wrong, following Beza who knew the true reading but slighted it for an inferior one, and even mistranslated the inferior one through his inability to make out its meaning: "ἰδίᾳ δόξῃ ἀρετῇ quae lectio in paucis admodum codicibus, iisque dubiae fidei, a nobis est inuenta: neque mihi sane probari potest." Now there are a dozen cursives at least, not to speak of four of the great uncials, in favor of ἰδίᾳ δ. κ. ἀ.; so that there is ample and excellent authority. And any reasoning on God's being denied elsewhere to call us to His glory cannot swamp the clear force here of being called by it. Then follows fresh reasoning on ἀρετῇ, the upshot being "mihi quidem multo probabilius uidetur, διὰ praepositionem pro εἰς usurpatam, sicut etiam annotatiuimus Rom. 6. a 4, et ἀρετὴν, idem atque ἀγιασμὸν declarare," etc. No doubt the majority of copies support διὰ δ. κ. ἀ. In meaning the only difference that results is that the more ancient text adds "His own," but in any case it is "by," not "to." Adam innocent enjoyed the good around and gave God thanks; Israel was governed as well as tested by the law. God called us "by His own glory," outside and above all that is seen, and "by virtue," the spiritual courage that refuses the snares which would entice us from the path that leads there. Compare Rom. 3:23; 5:2. (Bible Treasury 14:94)
his own: The reading in 3 is not altogether sure, B K L and the great majority sustaining the common text, Erasmus and the Compl. edd., Stephens, Beza, Elzevirs, etc. whilst א A C P, a decent little corps of cursives (at least 12), and a very weighty portion of Vv. support ἰδίᾳ ("by His own"). The difference in result is however much less than it might seem at first; for what after all is the dogmatic distinction between "through glory and virtue," and "by His own glory and virtue?" Little or nothing beyond emphatic appropriation of glory to God, in order to enhance its bearing on the believer's call by it. But how came the Authorized Translators to make so stupendous a blunder as to render διὰ δ. "to" glory? They were misled by the Geneva V., as it was by Beza, who knew the reading approved of by most modern critics, yet rejected not it only but the unequivocal meaning of his own text in deference to his theological idol. Hence he sets Rom. 9:23; 15:7; 1 Cor. 2:7; 1 Thess. 2:12, etc. against διά here in its regular sense, and will have it used for εἰς! as in Rom. 6:4!—both, it need scarce be added, baseless and very reprehensible blunders, to the ruin of the truth conveyed by the Holy Spirit. (Bible Treasury 15:80)