2 Peter 1:4 KJV (With Strong’s)

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4
*
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
Whereby
dia (Greek #1223)
through (in very wide applications, local, causal, or occasional)
KJV usage: after, always, among, at, to avoid, because of (that), briefly, by, for (cause) ... fore, from, in, by occasion of, of, by reason of, for sake, that, thereby, therefore, X though, through(-out), to, wherefore, with (-in). In composition it retains the same general importance.
Pronounce: dee-ah'
Origin: a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act
*
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
are given
doreomai (Greek #1433)
to bestow gratuitously
KJV usage: give.
Pronounce: do-reh'-om-ahee
Origin: middle voice from 1435
unto us
hemin (Greek #2254)
to (or for, with, by) us
KJV usage: our, (for) us, we.
Pronounce: hay-meen'
Origin: dative case plural of 1473
exceeding great
megistos (Greek #3176)
greatest or very great
KJV usage: exceeding great.
Pronounce: meg'-is-tos
Origin: superlative of 3173
and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
precious
timios (Greek #5093)
valuable, i.e. (objectively) costly, or (subjectively) honored, esteemed, or (figuratively) beloved
KJV usage: dear, honourable, (more, most) precious, had in reputation.
Pronounce: tim'-ee-os
Origin: τιμιώτερος (tim-ee-o'-ter-os), and the superlative τιμιώτατος (tim-ee-o'-tat-os) from 5092
promises
epaggelma (Greek #1862)
a self-committal (by assurance of conferring some good)
KJV usage: promise.
Pronounce: ep-ang'-el-mah
Origin: from 1861
i: that
hina (Greek #2443)
in order that (denoting the purpose or the result)
KJV usage: albeit, because, to the intent (that), lest, so as, (so) that, (for) to. Compare 3363.
Pronounce: hin'-ah
Origin: probably from the same as the former part of 1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare 3588)
by
dia (Greek #1223)
through (in very wide applications, local, causal, or occasional)
KJV usage: after, always, among, at, to avoid, because of (that), briefly, by, for (cause) ... fore, from, in, by occasion of, of, by reason of, for sake, that, thereby, therefore, X though, through(-out), to, wherefore, with (-in). In composition it retains the same general importance.
Pronounce: dee-ah'
Origin: a primary preposition denoting the channel of an act
these
touton (Greek #5130)
of (from or concerning) these (persons or things)
KJV usage: such, their, these (things), they, this sort, those.
Pronounce: too'-tone
Origin: genitive case plural masculine or neuter of 3778
ye might be
ginomai (Greek #1096)
to cause to be ("gen"-erate), i.e. (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literal, figurative, intensive, etc.)
KJV usage: arise, be assembled, be(-come, -fall, -have self), be brought (to pass), (be) come (to pass), continue, be divided, draw, be ended, fall, be finished, follow, be found, be fulfilled, + God forbid, grow, happen, have, be kept, be made, be married, be ordained to be, partake, pass, be performed, be published, require, seem, be showed, X soon as it was, sound, be taken, be turned, use, wax, will, would, be wrought.
Pronounce: ghin'-om-ahee
Origin: a prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb
partakers
koinonos (Greek #2844)
a sharer, i.e. associate
KJV usage: companion, X fellowship, partaker, partner.
Pronounce: koy-no-nos'
Origin: from 2839
k of the
phusis (Greek #5449)
growth (by germination or expansion), i.e. (by implication) natural production (lineal descent); by extension, a genus or sort; figuratively, native disposition, constitution or usage
KJV usage: (man-)kind, nature(-al).
Pronounce: foo'-sis
Origin: from 5453
divine
theios (Greek #2304)
godlike (neuter as noun, divinity)
KJV usage: divine, godhead.
Pronounce: thi'-os
Origin: from 2316
nature
phusis (Greek #5449)
growth (by germination or expansion), i.e. (by implication) natural production (lineal descent); by extension, a genus or sort; figuratively, native disposition, constitution or usage
KJV usage: (man-)kind, nature(-al).
Pronounce: foo'-sis
Origin: from 5453
, having escaped
apopheugo (Greek #668)
(figuratively) to escape
KJV usage: escape.
Pronounce: ap-of-yoo'-go
Origin: from 575 and 5343
m the corruption
phthora (Greek #5356)
decay, i.e. ruin (spontaneous or inflicted, literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: corruption, destroy, perish.
Pronounce: fthor-ah'
Origin: from 5351
that is in
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
the world
kosmos (Greek #2889)
orderly arrangement, i.e. decoration; by implication, the world (in a wide or narrow sense, including its inhabitants, literally or figuratively (morally))
KJV usage: adorning, world.
Pronounce: kos'-mos
Origin: probably from the base of 2865
through
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
lust
epithumia (Greek #1939)
a longing (especially for what is forbidden)
KJV usage: concupiscence, desire, lust (after).
Pronounce: ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah
Origin: from 1937
.

Cross References

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are given.
2 Peter 1:1• 1Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ: (2 Peter 1:1)
;
Ezek. 36:25‑27• 25Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you.
26A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.
27And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.
(Ezek. 36:25‑27)
;
Rom. 9:4• 4Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; (Rom. 9:4)
;
2 Cor. 1:20• 20For all the promises of God in him are yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of God by us. (2 Cor. 1:20)
;
2 Cor. 6:17‑18• 17Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you,
18And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
(2 Cor. 6:17‑18)
;
2 Cor. 7:1• 1Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God. (2 Cor. 7:1)
;
Gal. 3:16• 16Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. (Gal. 3:16)
;
Heb. 8:6‑12• 6But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
7For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second.
8For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:
9Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
10For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:
11And they shall not teach every man his neighbor, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest.
12For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.
(Heb. 8:6‑12)
;
Heb. 9:15• 15And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. (Heb. 9:15)
;
1 John 2:25• 25And this is the promise that he hath promised us, even eternal life. (1 John 2:25)
ye might.
having.
2 Peter 2:18‑20• 18For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through much wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error.
19While they promise them liberty, they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage.
20For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.
(2 Peter 2:18‑20)
;
Gal. 6:8• 8For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that soweth to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting. (Gal. 6:8)
;
James 4:1‑3• 1From whence come wars and fightings among you? come they not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members?
2Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not.
3Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your lusts.
(James 4:1‑3)
;
1 Peter 4:2‑3• 2That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.
3For the time past of our life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:
(1 Peter 4:2‑3)
;
1 John 2:15‑16• 15Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him.
16For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.
(1 John 2:15‑16)

J. N. Darby Translation

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4
through which he has givenl to us the greatest and precious promises, that through these ye may become partakersm of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.

JND Translation Notes

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l
Or "have been given."
m
Koinonos. Heb. 2.14.

W. Kelly Translation

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4
athrough which he hath granted to us the greatest and precious promises, that through these ye may become partakers of a divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world in lust.

WK Translation Notes

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a
hath granted... greatest and precious... ye: In 4 [of the RV] is corrected the error of Tyndale, etc., and of the Authorized Version following them. They ought to have gathered from the preceding verse that δεδ. is, if not a deponent, middle in sense, not passive. The change of order in "precious and very great promises" is abundantly sustained; indeed the precise form in the Text. Rec. has scarce any support, but a slight change many copies give it, some however having ὐμῖν for ἠ mistakenly. (Bible Treasury 14:95)
partakers: The shade of different meaning κοινωνός and μέτοχος is, I believe, just; but it is a question of adequate observation of its New Testament use in Greek, and any adequate proof would make one abandon it. Κοινωνοί is really partners in Luke 5, then, μέτοχοι the fact of taking part; but I have no anxiety to insist on this.
Φύσις is moral in 2 Peter from the force of what is said in the passage. In divine things this is everything, as holiness, love, etc.; but the point to be insisted on is, that there is more than mere moral effect, though there be this that Christ is for us a life-giving Spirit; as born of flesh involves a like nature. (Bible Treasury 9:128) [see note to 2 P. 1:2]