Titus 1:2 KJV (With Strong’s)

epi (Greek #1909)
properly, meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution (with the genitive case), i.e. over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
KJV usage: about (the times), above, after, against, among, as long as (touching), at, beside, X have charge of, (be-, (where-))fore, in (a place, as much as, the time of, -to), (because) of, (up-)on (behalf of), over, (by, for) the space of, through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), with. In compounds it retains essentially the same import, at, upon, etc. (literally or figuratively).
Pronounce: ep-ee'
Origin: a primary preposition
elpis (Greek #1680)
expectation (abstractly or concretely) or confidence
KJV usage: faith, hope.
Pronounce: el-pece'
Origin: from a primary ἔλπω (to anticipate, usually with pleasure)
of eternal
aionios (Greek #166)
perpetual (also used of past time, or past and future as well)
KJV usage: eternal, for ever, everlasting, world (began).
Pronounce: ahee-o'-nee-os
Origin: from 165
zoe (Greek #2222)
life (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: life(-time). Compare 5590.
Pronounce: dzo-ay'
Origin: from 2198
, which
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
theos (Greek #2316)
a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very
KJV usage: X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).
Pronounce: theh'-os
Origin: of uncertain affinity
, thatd cannot lie
apseudes (Greek #893)
KJV usage: that cannot lie.
Pronounce: aps-yoo-dace'
Origin: from 1 (as a negative particle) and 5579
, promised
epaggello (Greek #1861)
to announce upon (reflexively), i.e. (by implication) to engage to do something, to assert something respecting oneself
KJV usage: profess, (make) promise.
Pronounce: ep-ang-el'-lo
Origin: from 1909 and the base of 32
pro (Greek #4253)
"fore", i.e. in front of, prior (figuratively, superior) to
KJV usage: above, ago, before, or ever. In the comparative, it retains the same significations.
Pronounce: pro
Origin: a primary preposition
e the world
chronos (Greek #5550)
a space of time (in general, and thus properly distinguished from 2540, which designates a fixed or special occasion; and from 165, which denotes a particular period) or interval; by extension, an individual opportunity; by implication, delay
KJV usage: + years old, season, space, (X often-)time(-s), (a) while.
Pronounce: khron'-os
Origin: of uncertain derivation
aionios (Greek #166)
perpetual (also used of past time, or past and future as well)
KJV usage: eternal, for ever, everlasting, world (began).
Pronounce: ahee-o'-nee-os
Origin: from 165
ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections

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Cross References


Ministry on This Verse

or, For.
Titus 2:7,13• 7In all things showing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine showing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,
13Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;
(Titus 2:7,13)
Titus 3:7• 7That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life. (Titus 3:7)
John 5:39• 39Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me. (John 5:39)
John 6:68• 68Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life. (John 6:68)
Rom. 2:7• 7To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, eternal life: (Rom. 2:7)
Rom. 5:2,4• 2By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
4And patience, experience; and experience, hope:
(Rom. 5:2,4)
Col. 1:27• 27To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory: (Col. 1:27)
1 Thess. 5:8• 8But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation. (1 Thess. 5:8)
2 Tim. 1:1• 1Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, according to the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus, (2 Tim. 1:1)
2 Tim. 2:10• 10Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory. (2 Tim. 2:10)
1 Peter 1:3‑4• 3Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
4To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,
(1 Peter 1:3‑4)
1 John 2:25• 25And this is the promise that he hath promised us, even eternal life. (1 John 2:25)
1 John 3:2‑3• 2Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is.
3And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure.
(1 John 3:2‑3)
Jude 21• 21Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life. (Jude 21)
Matt. 25:46• 46And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal. (Matt. 25:46)
Mark 10:17,30• 17And when he was gone forth into the way, there came one running, and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?
30But he shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life.
(Mark 10:17,30)
John 3:15‑16• 15That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.
16For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
(John 3:15‑16)
John 6:54• 54Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day. (John 6:54)
John 10:28• 28And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand. (John 10:28)
John 17:2• 2As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him. (John 17:2)
Rom. 5:21• 21That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord. (Rom. 5:21)
Rom. 6:23• 23For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. (Rom. 6:23)
1 Tim. 6:12,19• 12Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many witnesses.
19Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life.
(1 Tim. 6:12,19)
1 John 5:11‑13,20• 11And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.
12He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.
13These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.
20And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.
(1 John 5:11‑13,20)
Prov. 8:23‑31• 23I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was.
24When there were no depths, I was brought forth; when there were no fountains abounding with water.
25Before the mountains were settled, before the hills was I brought forth:
26While as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world.
27When he prepared the heavens, I was there: when he set a compass upon the face of the depth:
28When he established the clouds above: when he strengthened the fountains of the deep:
29When he gave to the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass his commandment: when he appointed the foundations of the earth:
30Then I was by him, as one brought up with him: and I was daily his delight, rejoicing always before him;
31Rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth; and my delights were with the sons of men.
(Prov. 8:23‑31)
Matt. 25:34• 34Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: (Matt. 25:34)
John 17:24• 24Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world. (John 17:24)
Acts 15:18• 18Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world. (Acts 15:18)
Rom. 16:25• 25Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began, (Rom. 16:25)
1 Peter 1:20‑23• 20Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,
21Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.
22Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently:
23Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.
(1 Peter 1:20‑23)
Rev. 13:8• 8And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. (Rev. 13:8)
 that hope of life eternal is realized now, and in a way altogether superior to the testimony of the prophets (Psa. 133, Dan. 12). For he proceeds to show that the promise which the christian actually enjoys, goes not merely beyond the prophets, or the human race on earth, but back into eternity. This was necessarily a promise within the Godhead. The God that knew no falsehood promised it before the times of the ages. (On Titus 1:2-3 by W. Kelly)
 Here, however, the apostle does not dwell so much on heavenly association as on the wondrous fact that the life of the christian is life eternal, promised before the world began, outside of times or dispensations in God's dealings with man on the earth. It derives its character from Him Who is eternal, The Way and the Truth, the Head, center, expression, and object of all the purposes of God. This we have now, as we shall have it in glory with Himself. (On Titus 1:2-3 by W. Kelly)
 It was not a development of Judaism, but the revelation of a life and of a promise of life which subsisted (that is, in Christ, the object of the divine counsels) before the world was. (Titus 1 by J.N. Darby)
 That which formed the hope of this faith was not earthly prosperity, a numerous posterity, the earthly blessing of a people whom God acknowledged as His own. It was life eternal, promised of God in Christ before the world was, outside the world. (Titus 1 by J.N. Darby)
 “Promised before the world began” is a remarkable and important expression. One is admitted into the thoughts of God before the existence of this changing and mingled scene, which bears witness of the frailty and sin of the creature-of the patience of God, and His ways in grace and in government. (Titus 1 by J.N. Darby)

J. N. Darby Translation

ind the hope of eternal life, which God, who cannot lie, promised before the ages of time,

JND Translation Notes

Epi. the condition under which the apostolic mission exists.

W. Kelly Translation

upon hope of life eternal which God that cannot lie promised before the times of the ages1,

WK Translation Notes

the ages [or everlasting]: This is a phrase peculiar in itself and difficult to transfuse well and truly into English. "Eternal" is clear, as said of God, life, punishment of sin, etc. But in combination with "times" it appears harsh, as in Rom. 16:25, and still more where πρὸ precedes, as in 2 Tim. 1:9 and here. Mr. T. S. Green gives "in all time" and "before all time" respectively, which seems weak or worse for the first case. Mr. Darby for Rom. 16 prefers "in (the) times of the ages," and for 2 Tim. and Titus "before the ages of time." But why invert thus? Would it not be better to adhere to the same order in all three, "times of ages?" Perhaps indeed "times everlasting" might be admissible; for although the A.V. uses "eternal" and "everlasting" interchangeably, the latter is not necessarily so absolute as the former. We might say "before times everlasting" but hardly "before times eternal," and for more reasons than one. It is unfounded to conceive a difference of sense between its use in 2 Tim. 1 and Titus 1; and the wish springs from misunderstanding of the truth. (Exp. of Titus and Phile., p.15-16)
the ages [or everlasting]: [The American correctors of the RV offer] the strangely loose "long ages ago" for margin [of the RV] "before times eternal," the singular rendering of the Revisers. But it is easier to disapprove than to do well. The meaning is before the ages of time, though it seems not very satisfactory as a version. (Bible Treasury 15:12) [See note to Matt. 12:32]